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Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes Among Non-OECD Countries in 1997

Year: 2006 Author: UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Description:
This graphic shows the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes in 1997 among non-OECD countries that were reporting parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal as of 1997. The graphic shows that according to export data from non-OECD countries, 28,000 metric tonnes of hazardous waste were exported. However, according to import data from non-OECD countries, 55,000 metric tonnes of hazardous waste were imported. The graphic also shows the amounts of waste that were disposed of, recycled and handled through 'unspecified or mixed operations' according to the export data and according to the import data. A map showing the locations of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries is included in Figure 9 at http://www.grida.no/db/maps/collection/basel/09.pdf. Explanatory note from the full report: 'Non-OECD countries importing wastes reported figures twice as high as those non-OECD countries exporting it. Country reports failed to specify how 70-85% of all wastes were handled. Where such details are provided, most of the wastes were recycled, along with the reclamation of inorganic compounds. This, however, only accounts for 8-15% of all transported wastes. According to more detailed reports made by exporting countries, another 10% of the wastes were directed to specially engineered landfills and 3.5% were supposed to be pre-treated before final disposal.' Note: Category Y19-Y45 refers to wastes having as constituents various hazardous materials. Further explanation of Y categories can be found in Appendix 2 of the Guide to the Basel Convention Control System for Hazardous Wastes at http://www.basel.int/pub/instruct.html#appendix2.
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Imports of waste to Switzerland in 1997
Import of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes to Switzerland from Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data
Generation of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes (Belgium Excluded) by Y Categories in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes
Export of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes from Switzerland to Other Countries in 1997 Based on Export Data
Reporting Parties on Export Data in 1997
Total Amount of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes Generated in 1997 in Million Metric Tonnes
133 Parties to the Basel Convention (11 November 1999)
Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes Generated in 1997 in Relation to the Gross National Product (Calculated for Each Metric Tonne)