Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
personal communication with Peter Prokosch, GRID-Arendal; Piersma, T., Davidson, N., The Migration of Knots, WSG Bulletin 64, 1992
Uploaded on Wednesday 01 Feb 2012
Red Knot migration along the East Atlantic ﬂyway
Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Red Knots set off in April with large fat reserves (fuel) from the airport “West Coast National Park” (the Langebaan Lagoon tidal flats in South Africa) to fly 7,000–8,000
km until they reach the tidal flats of Guinea Bissau, the airport “Banc d’Arguin National Park” in Mauritania or another appropriate refuelling site. They recover the resources they lost and intensively feed for three weeks on protein-rich shellfish allowing them to almost double in weight. The next long-haul flight of 48–72 hours in duration takes them to the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Wadden Sea”, which is also covered by a CMS agreement on seals. Having lost most of their “African fuel” the birds
once again refuel for the last leap to the “Great Arctic Reserve” on Taimyr in North Siberia. International conservation cooperation within the framework
of the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) along
the East Atlantic Flyway is ongoing in an effort to protect as many of these crucial airports (large scale tidal flats) as national parks or other types of MPAs as possible.