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Protected areas in the Caspian basin

Protected areas in the Caspian basin

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Uploaded 09 Oct 2013 by GRID-Arendal
Year: 2013 Author: GRID-Arendal
Description:
The biological diversity of the Caspian Sea and its coastal zone makes the region particularly significant. One of the most important characteristics of the Caspian Sea’s biodiversity is the relatively high level of endemic species among its fauna (UNDP 2009b). The highest number of endemic species across the various taxa is found in the mid Caspian Sea region, while the greatest diversity is found in the northern section of the Caspian Basin. The coastal region is characterized by a wide range of habitats; these include habitats in vast river systems and extensive wetlands such as the deltas of the Volga, Ural and Kura rivers, the wetland systems along the Iranian coast and the exceptionally saline bay of the Kara-Bogaz-Gol Gulf. At the other extreme, habitats are also found in the sandy and rocky deserts on the Caspian Sea’s eastern coast (Solberg et al. 2006). The wetlands in the region play a significant role as a feeding and resting area for migratory birds. However, due to ...
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