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University of Cape Town; Human Sciences Research Council, Fact Sheet: Poverty in South Africa, 2004; South Africa Human Settlements Department; South Africa Risk and Vulnerability Atlas, Department of Science and Technology, 2010.
Uploaded on Wednesday 01 Feb 2012
Pressures on the South African coast
Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Population growth puts pressure on coastal ecosystems. Increased population means growing demand for land for housing and infrastructure, increased use of living resources for food, and more use of available freshwater resources. The negative environmental impacts of the shipping industry also harm the coastal ecosystem. Impacts from shipping include oil spills and the discharge of ballast water and waste into the sea, which affect the quality of sea water and consequently marine life. This in turn affects human food security and health and is particularly acute around commercial ports.
, Infrastructure (68)
, Waste (107)
, Population growth (26)
, Health (46)
, Sea (332)
, Freshwater (90)
, Industry (118)
, Land (150)
, Pressure (30)
, Food (147)
, Housing (13)
, Coastal ecosystem (1)