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IUCN, The Mediterranean: a Biodiversity Hotspot Under Threat, 2008.
Uploaded on Tuesday 19 Nov 2013
Number of species in IUCN Red List categories from Mediterranean countries
Mediterranean species and habitats face a number of pressures from human activities, including over-exploitation; degradation of critical habitats; invasive alien species; pollution, including excess nutrients, toxic pollutants, and litter; and the use of non-selective
fishery gear (e.g., drift nets and purse seine nets) (UNEP/
MAP/MED POL 2005).
While there is no evidence of species loss in the Mediterranean, the status of a number of species is of concern. As of 2012, over 120 marine and freshwater species have been identified under the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean Sea (see Annex). There is insufficient
information to determine whether there has been a loss of