Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
UNHCR, UNRWA, 2004; World Urbanisation Prospects, 2004; UN-Habitat, 2003; WHO, UNICEF, 2003
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
No shelter - refugees, sanitation and slums
Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
In the face of any calamity we instinctively take refuge under a roof. This is little use against a chemical or nuclear accident, but for many there is no other resort. The number of people currently living in shanty towns is rising in all the big cities of the developing world, where
urban growth is generally uncontrolled. The map shows how small the proportion of city dwellers with improved access to sanitation in many places is, giving an idea of the number and location of people living in precarious conditions.