Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network))
Stephen Blank, Central Asia’s energy game intensifies, Eurasianet, September 2005; United States Energy Information Administration (EIA); Sylvaine
Pasquier, “Pressions sur l’or noir”, l’Express, 1st August 2005; Interstate Oil and Gas Transport to Europe (INOGATE ); Energy Map of the Middle East and Caspian Sea Areas,
Petroleum Economist, London, 2003; International Energy Agency (IEA); Jean Radvanyi, Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), IEA, World Energy Outlook 2010.
Uploaded on Thursday 01 Mar 2012
Markets competing for Caspian oil and gas
Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
For many years, coastal navigation has connected
republics in the former Soviet Union. It used the only
outlet from the Caspian, the Volga-Don canal, which
connects the Black Sea and the Russian canal system to
the Baltic. It is still used to transport raw materials, timber,
coal, grain, fertilisers, and other products.
However, the oil boom has changed the way the Caspian
Sea is used as a transport route. In the absence of an
agreement on the use of the seabed, including the laying of
pipelines, crude oil is transported in tanker wagons rolled
onto ferries or in small tankers. This has stimulated the
ferry business. The shipyards at Nizhny Novgorod have
recently delivered several 8 000 or 13 000 deadweight
tonnage tankers, the largest that can be used given the
limitations on access to the sea and its ports. Ferry
services connecting Aktau and Turkmenbashi to Baku,
and Olia to the coast of Iran are being supplemented by
coastal rail links, all impacting on and introducing new
risks to the natural and living environment of the growing
population in the coastal areas of the Caspian Sea.