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Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation

Inequity in access to clean water and sanitation

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Uploaded 16 Feb 2012 by GRID-Arendal
Year: 2009
From collection: Vital Water Graphics 2
Author: Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Description:
The supply of safe drinking water and the provision of sanitation are management issues that raise concerns about inequitable service provision, particularly in developing countries. Although several successful initiatives have been launched to supply safe drinking water to urban populations, efforts still fall short of the required targets for sustainable development. In developing countries water delivery systems are plagued by leakages, illegal connections and vandalism, while precious water resources are squandered through greed and mismanagement. The World Bank recently estimated that US$600 billion is required to repair and improve the world’s water delivery systems (UNCSD, 1999). During the 1990s, the greatest reduction in per capita water supply was in Africa (by 2.8 times), Asia (by 2 times), and Latin America and the Caribbean (by 1.7 times), while water supplies available to European populations for that period decreased by 16% (WHO/UNICEF, 2000). The lack of access to ...
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