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Human Development Report 2005, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), New York.
Uploaded on Wednesday 22 Feb 2012
Human Development Index (HDI) for the Caspian Sea countries
Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The characteristic feature in all four post-Soviet countries (Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan) is a relatively high level of education in relation to national income and rather low life expectancy, indicating high levels of poverty and deficient healthcare. In contrast the level for all three indicators in Iran is fairly balanced.