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Ecological Footprint Network; UNDP; online databases.
Uploaded on Tuesday 19 Nov 2013
Human development and ecological footprint in Mediterranean countries
The long history of the Mediterranean has led to a diversification of political and governance approaches, a broad range in economic development, and a diversity of social systems, all of which is reflected in the levels of development and the ecological footprints of the Mediterranean states. The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth’s ecosystems and it represents the amount of biologically productive land and sea area necessary to supply the resources a human population consumes, and to assimilate associated waste.
Mediterranean countries can be separated into two groups:
1. middle-income countries, with low Human Development Indices
(HDIs) and small ecological footprints plus substantial progress
in HDI, concentrated in the southern and eastern Mediterranean
and on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea; and
2. high-income countries, with high HDIs and large ecological
footprints. These are the EU Mediterranean countries and Israel.