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Verma, R., Choudhury, D., Khadka, M., Jain, A. and Lama, K., forthcoming, 'Feminization' of Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in the Himalayas, IFAD funded project, Kathmandu: Nepal
Uploaded on Wednesday 01 Feb 2012
Gender division of labour in agriculture and household activities - Nepal and India
Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
In Nepal, the gender division of labour is highly
skewed, especially when agricultural, pastoral and wage
labour is combined with household, community and casual labour, and when high rates of men’s out-migration to urban cities, towns and cross-border destinations in the region and beyond, are considered.
Recent comparative research on the ‘feminisation’ of
agriculture and natural resource management, undertaken
by ICIMOD and supported by IFAD, illustrates this trend,
whereby in some mountain regions in India women
undertake 4.6 to 5.7 times the agricultural work men carry
out. In Nepal, the range is skewed even more with women
carrying out 6.3 to 6.6 times the agricultural work that men carry out (ICIMOD, forthcoming). Furthermore, national
reports often present up to 64% of the population of women
in South Asia as being “non-active or non-reported”, reflecting that much of women’s work in rural areas is informal, non-formal, unpaid and not counted, and thus goes unrecorded (FAO, 2010a).
This graphic shows hours a woman and men spent in agriculture and household activities.