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Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s

Freshwater use by sector at the beginning of the 2000s

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Uploaded 16 Feb 2012 by GRID-Arendal
Year: 2009
From collection: Vital Water Graphics 2
Author: Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique)
Description:
The agricultural sector is by far the biggest user of freshwater. Analysis indicates that: - In the United States, agriculture accounts for some 49% of total freshwater use, with 80% of this volume being used for irrigation (Shiklomanov, 1999). - In Africa and Asia, an estimated 85-90% of all freshwater used is for agriculture (Shiklomanov, 1999). - According to estimates for the year 2000, agriculture accounted for 67% of the world’s total freshwater withdrawal, and 86% of its consumption (UNESCO, 2000). - By 2025, agriculture is expected to increase its water requirements by 1.3 times, industry by 1.5 times, and domestic consumption by 1.8 times (Shiklomanov, 1999). - The world’s irrigation areas totalled approximately 253 million hectares in 1995. By 2010, they are expected to reach about 290 million hectares, and by 2025 about 330 million hectares (Shiklomanov, 1999). - By the year 2000, an estimated 15% of the world’s cultivated lands had been irrigated for food crops, a ...
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