Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006)
Ifremer; FAO; Ecosystem and Human Well-Being, Synthesis, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Washington DD, 2005. Based on a map by Fancoise Carre, University of Paris IV. Map outline: Gall-Bertin projections.
Uploaded on Thursday 16 Feb 2012
Phillippe Rekacewicz, February 2006
Three-quarters of the world’s fish stocks are currently exploited to the maximum extent, if not in excess (FAO, 2000). This exploitation has had the following impacts:
- A growing variety of fishery products are being exploited. Commercial fishermen are targeting progressively smaller species at lower levels of the food chain because the main predator species are being depleted.
- Most of the world’s main fishing areas are close to full exploitation. The eastern Indian Ocean and the western central Pacific Ocean are the only areas that still show little sign of stress, and which exhibit a potential for continuing growth (FAO, 2000).
- The northeast Atlantic Ocean continues to exhibit declining catches, as well as a shift towards fish at lower levels in the food chain. Indices developed to monitor changes suggest that continued heavy fishing may lead to irreversible ecological change.
- Rivers, lakes and wetlands, which account for less than 1% of the world’s surface, but at least 8% of its fisheries production, are under mounting pressure from the growing human population (FAO, 2000).
, Human population (8)
, Lead (43)
, Fishery (22)
, Ocean (140)
, Pressure (30)
, Food (150)
, Food chain (13)
, Fishing (42)
, Species (189)
, Fish (120)