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UNEP ROAP, Illegal trade in ODS in Asia and the Pacific, September 2006.
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
Examples of ozone depleting substances (ODS) smuggling patterns in Asia and the Pacific
Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
In the mid-1990s, when CFCs were phased-out in industrialized countries (non-Article 5 countries), illegal trade in those chemicals emerged. By 1996 this trade had reached alarming proportions, accounting for as much as 12–20% of global trade in ozone depleting substances (ODS).