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The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 2009. Climate Change and development in Latin America and the Caribbean. Overview 2009, on the basis of WHO, Climate Change and Human Health. Risks and Responses. Summary, 2003.
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
Estimated deaths attributable to climate change, 2000
Nieves López Izquierdo, Associate Consultant UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The extent to which mortality is attributable to climate change remains a matter of intense debate. Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) for 2000 indicate that, in Latin America and the Caribbean, there were between 2 and 40 deaths per million inhabitants from floods, malaria and diarrhoea. In terms of regions, the most severe health effects have been in Africa, though significant effects are also being felt in Latin America and in certain parts of Asia. This difficult situation has a major economic impact on the health systems of the countries of these regions.