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van Beukering, P.J.H., Cesar, H.S.J. and Janssen, M.A. 2003. Economic valuation of the Leuser National Park on Sumatra, Indonesia. Ecol Econ 44: 43-62.
Uploaded on Wednesday 01 Feb 2012
Distribution of benefits under different land use scenarios in the Leuser Ecosystem
Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Net present value (NPV) is in millions of USD over a 30-year period (2000-2030) at a 4% discount rate. The NPV for local communities under a deforestation scenario would be 3,132 million USD and under a conservation scenario 5,341 million USD.
The analysis shows that the local community would benefit most from a scenario under which the forest is conserved, negative effects on ecosystem services are avoided and payments for ecosystem services are realized. Industry would gain most under a business-as-usual scenario, while local and national government benefits do not differ much for the two scenarios.