Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
AMAP, 1998. AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues. AMAP, 1997. Arctic Pollution Issues: A State of the Arctic Evironment Reopert. CAFF, 2001. Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation.
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
Definitions of the Arctic
Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Several definitions of the Arctic as a region exist and are all used extensively. Definitions of the geographic boundaries of the Arctic vary, including such definitions as the area with a July isotherm below 10º C, vegetation distribution (tundra) or political boundaries, such as the definition by CAFF (CAFF, 2001). Nowhere else on Earth do we find such vast areas of relatively undisturbed marine and coastal ecosystems.