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Biofuels production 2005, by country (ethanol and biodiesel)

Year: 2009 Author: Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Description:
Production of crops for biofuels also competes with food production (Banse et al., 2008). Indeed, the corn equivalent of the energy used on a few minutes drive could feed a person for a day, while a full tank of ethanol in a large 4-wheel drive suburban utility vehicle could almost feed one person for a year. A recent OECD-FAO (2007) report expected food prices to rise by between 20% and 50% by 2016 partly as a result of biofuels. Already, drastically raised food prices have resulted in violent demonstrations and protests around the world in early 2008. Current OECD scenarios by the IMAGE model project a mean increase in the proportion of land allocated to crops for biofuel production equivalent to 0.5% of the cropland area in 2008, 2% by 2030 (range 1–3%) and 5% by 2050 (range 2–8%).
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An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production
Trends in world agricultural exports
Selected drought events in Africa, 1981-1999, and livestock impacts
Possible individual ranges of yield and cropland area losses by 2050
Trends in urban and rural populations, less developed regions, 1960-2030 (estimates and projections)
FAO Food price index (FFPI)
Potential for cropland expansion