Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal)
Gajah, Journal of the Asian Elephant Specialist Group Number 35, 2011
Uploaded on Monday 11 Mar 2013
Asian elephant population estimates
Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
Asian elephants occur in isolated populations in 13 range States, with an approximate total range area of almost
880,000 square kilometres equivalent to only one-tenth of the historical range as defined by the IUCN. Today Asian elephants occur in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Feral populations occur on some of the Andaman Islands in India.
Recent reports from across the 13 Asian elephant range States suggest that there are between 39,500 and 43,500 wild Asian elephants. In addition, there are approximately 13,000 domesticated (working or former working) elephants in Asia. However, some experts argue that many population figures are little more than guesses and that,with very few exceptions, all we really know about the status of the Asian elephants is the location of some populations. The uncertainty around population numbers is due in part to the difficulties presented by counting elephants in dense vegetation, in difficult terrain and the use of different and sometimes inappropriate survey techniques.
Nevertheless, whatever the error margins, it is quite certain
that over 50 per cent of the remaining wild Asian elephants
occur in India.