Using this graphic and referring to it is encouraged, and please use it in presentations, web pages, newspapers, blogs and reports.
For any form of publication, please include the link to this page and give the cartographer/designer credit (in this case Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
GRAIN, 2008; Mongabay 2008.
Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012
An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production
Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The world regions are sharply divided in terms of their capacity
to use science in promoting agricultural productivity in order
to achieve food security and reduce poverty and hunger. For every
US$100 of agricultural output, developed countries spend
US$2.16 on public agricultural research and development
(R&D), whereas developing countries spend only US$0.55 (IFPRI,
2008). Total agricultural R&D spending in developing
countries increased from US$3.7 billion (1991) to US$4.4 billion
(2000), or by 1.6% annually (IFPRI, 2008). This spending
was largely driven by Asia, where annual spending increased by
3.3 percent. Today, Asia accounts for 42% of total agricultural
R&D spending in developing countries (with China and India
accounting for 18 and 10%, respectively). In Africa, agricultural
R&D expenditure declined slightly, by 0.4%/year. Although Africa
is geographically large, its share in R&D spending is only
13%. Latin America accounts for 33% (with Brazil being responsible
for 48% of the region’s spending).