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Uploaded on Tuesday 21 Feb 2012 by GRID-Arendal

A photographic impression of the gradual changes in two ecosystem types

Year: 2009 Author: Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Description:
Globally, over 1,000 (87%) of a total of 1,226 threatened bird species are impacted by agriculture. More than 70 species are affected by agricultural pollution, 27 of them seriously. Europe’s farmland birds have declined by 48% in the past 26 years (European Bird Census Council, 2008). Pesticides and herbicides pose a threat to 37 threatened bird species globally (BirdLife, 2008), in addition to deleterious effects of agricultural chemicals on ground water.
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Trends in productivity 1981-2003 (greening and land degradation)
Trends in world agricultural exports
An increasing number of countries are leasing land abroad to sustain and secure their food production
Selected drought events in Africa, 1981-1999, and livestock impacts
Potential for cropland expansion
Biofuels production 2005, by country (ethanol and biodiesel)
FAO Food price index (FFPI)
Possible individual ranges of yield and cropland area losses by 2050