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Vital Waste Graphics 2
Vital Waste Graphics 2
The second edition of Vital Waste Graphics looks at the lifecycle of products and provides a wealth of data, text and graphics that shed a light on types of waste that are usually hidden to the consumers. Vital Waste Graphics II was produced by UNEP/GRID-Arendal in collaboration with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention on the Control of Tr ...
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Solid waste management cost for selected cities
As garbage piles up, however much space we set aside for landfill, we are beginning to realise that producing waste at this rate is no longer viable. It is time for the three “Rs”: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and integrated w...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Major bottled water exporters and importers
The maps illustrate the crazy logic of today’s global trade. Exchange is no longer based on local needs or resource availability (in most countries where large amounts of bottled water are consumed, the tap water is perf...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Heftingsdalen shipping area
At the entrance to the plant, which covers more than 15 hectares, a sign announces:“Compost, bark and wood shavings for sale”. Other waste is separated, packed and redirected to logistics centres elsewhere in Norway and...
15 Dec 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
Waste collection in Curitiba
In the 1980s severe hygienic problems plagued parts of Curitiba where housing development was uncontrolled. The winding streets were too narrow for council trucks and waste rotting in the open caused disease. In 1989 ...
15 Dec 2006 - by Cécile Marin
Packaging waste production per capita in Europe
The manufacture of packaging itself generates waste and by defi nition it has a particularly short lifespan. It turns into waste as soon as its contents reaches its destination. This is certainly a blessing for the packa...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
World Population
The goods we accumulate today will pile up as waste tomorrow, and more yet in view of the global trends. Projections tell us that there will be 9 000 million people on Earth by 2050. According to the Global Footprint Net...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Radioactive waste hotspots and transboundary pollution in Central Asia’s Ferghana Valley
The Soviet Union used the Ferghana Valley as one of its main sources of metal and uranium ore. The area has many nuclear waste storage sites, abandoned uranium mines with poorly secured tailing dams and nuclear reacto...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Typical hazardous wastes generated by selected manufacturing industries
Industry is the top producer of waste in developed countries. A large proportion of industrial waste is hazardous, because industrial processes often involve chemicals. Cleaner production – reducing the amount of problem...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
What is e-waste?
A growing share of municipal waste contains electronic or electric products. E-waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams and makes up approximately 4 per cent of municipal waste in the European Union. In the US,...
15 Dec 2006 - by Claudia Heberlein
Energy consumption per capita (2004)
According to current forecasts the world’s energy requirements will have risen by more than 50 per cent by 2030. Oil and natural gas will account for more than 60 per cent of the increase. During the same time period ren...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Waste at every stage
The squares are proportionnal to the estimated amounts of waste generated by sector in 2002, in the OECD countries (in million tonnes). Waste is produced from the very beginning of the life cycle of a product, long befor...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Everyday alternatives: biodegradable, disposable or conventional tableware?
The priority is to decrease the amount of waste we generate. Only then should we will be proud of the high rates for recycling some countries report (see examples for glass and paper). Glass recycling scores best, per...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Population by income level
The rich world consumes more and thus produces more waste. The World Bank classification based on gross national income per capita is an indication of the global consumption level. Over the last two decades the world as ...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Number of planes to be dismantled worldwide
At the end of their service life airliners may prove useful in many ways. They often fly as freighters for several years. When finally grounded they are scavenged for spare parts for other aircrafts, or used for training...
15 Dec 2006 - by Cécile Marin
Recycling Rates for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries
Reusing and recycling are natural survival strategies for many people in the developing world. In rich countries we abandoned the habit and are now relearning how to reuse and recycle. Public rubbish collection and a wel...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Hazardous waste generation
In Europe the manufacturing sector produces large amounts of hazardous waste. This graphic shows the ratio between the manufacturing sector and all other sectors in selected European countries from 2002 figures.
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Nuclear waste generation
More than three-quarters of nuclear reactors currently in service are more than 20 years old. After an average service life of 30 years it takes 20 more years to dismantle them. The spent fuel figures for 2002 are nat...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Consumption appeal
The marketing and advertising industry is constantly teasing us with trendy, cool and largely superfluous products. To judge by investment in advertising, it takes more and more to achieve the same effect. With all th...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Household waste and recycling in England
In 1999, the British consultant BioRegional thought up an innovative way of dealing with waste paper. Surely offices could sort their own paper and, after local reprocessing, reuse it? Local Paper for London now recycles...
15 Dec 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
Mining waste emissions to land and water in Australia
PRTRs (Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers) are databases of chemical releases to air, land and water from factories or other sources. Targeting a broad public audience, they support our right to information on toxi...
01 Oct 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay
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