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Vital Waste Graphics
Vital Waste Graphics
The publication “Vital Waste Graphics” was initiated by the Basel Convention Secretariat and produced in partnership with the Division of Environmental Conventions (DEC) of UNEP, Grid-Arendal and the Division of Early Warning Assessment-Europe of UNEP. It is being published for the seventh meeting of the Conference to the Parties of the Basel C ...
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/waste
Landfilling and incinerating still leading in Europe
As the garbage pile gets higher and the environmental conscience sharpens, it is now recognized that producing waste at this rate is no longer acceptable. Now is the time for “integrated waste management” and its motto –...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mobile phones per 1000 people
The Basel Convention has before it an amendment which would ban the export of hazardous waste for disposal to developing countries. Some countries (for example those in the European Union) have already implemented this p...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Total waste generation in 2001, selected countries
On a global scale, calculating the amount of waste being generated presents a problem. There are a number of issues, including a lack of reporting by many countries and inconsistencies in the way countries report (defini...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
162 Parties to the Basel Convention in October 2004
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal is the most comprehensive global environmental agreement on hazardous and other wastes. It aims to protect human healt...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Different approaches and overlapping definitions to waste
Waste is generated in all sorts of ways. Its composition and volume largely depend on consumption patterns and the industrial and economic structures in place. Air quality, water and soil contamination, space consumption...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human Development Index (HDI) in 2002
Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with thei...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Gold production of the Ok Tedi mine
The Ok Tedi mine is located high in the rain forest covered Star Mountains of Papua New Guinea. Prior to 1981 the local Wopkaimin people lived a subsistence existence in one of the most isolated places on earth. That was...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement)
The global consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Over the 20-year period ending in 1994, the world population increased by 40% – in that same period, the world consumption of cement increased by 77%, and plast...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Number of personal computers
It is estimated that there are over a billion personal computers in the world at present. In developed countries these have an average life span of only 2 years. In the United States alone there are over 300 million obso...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mining effects on rainfall drainage
The Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is the number one environmental problem facing the mining industry. AMD occurs when sulphide-bearing minerals in rock are exposed to air and water, changing the sulphide to sulphuric acid. I...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Raw material consumption, global trends and US share
A small minority of rich countries are responsible for a large part of the raw material consumption. All together the developed countries comprise only 22% of the world population, but they consume more than 60% of the i...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste and car production
The life cycle approach gives a more complete picture of the waste and energy associated with a product. Our daily choices determine the amount of waste we produce. As consumers, our relationship to a product happens onl...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Information and communication technology expenditures
The high tech boom has brought with it a new type of waste – electronic waste, a category that barely existed 20 years ago. Now e-waste represents the biggest and fastest growing manufacturing waste. The black and white ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Waste generation scheme
The graphic gives a general illustration of a waste generation & management scheme. Using car production as a example, the associated text includes references as follows: Raw Materials: Mining of minerals: copper, iron, ...
14 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected trends in regional municipal waste generation
Municipal waste is everything collected and treated by municipalities. Only part of it is comes from households, the rest is generated by small businesses, commercial and other municipal activities. So it is produced fro...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Packaging production and recycling: selected European countries
Recycling activities are economically important. Collection, sorting and reprocessing represent job opportunities (especially in the paper recycling sector). They also lower energy and municipal waste disposal costs. ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Annual world nuclear reactor construction / Spent fuel generation
Both the volume and the level of radioactivity have to be considered – a large volume of waste with a low-level of radioactivity presents less danger than a smaller amount of waste with a high-level of radioactivity. Fo...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Ability of countries to support their citizens from their own environment
The Ecological Footprint measures the amount of productive land area needed to support a nation’s consumption and waste. This indicator shows that in many countries, as well as for the planet as a whole, the demand for n...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Personal computers per 1000 people
It is estimated that there are over a billion personal computers in the world at present. In developed countries these have an average life span of only 2 years. In the United States alone there are over 300 million obso...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in transboundary movement of waste among Parties to the Basel Convention
The amount of waste on the move is increasing rapidly. Reports to the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal suggest that between 1993 and 2001 the amount of was...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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