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Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate LinkVital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link
The efforts of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol have, over more than 20 years, translated scientific realities into political decisions leading to concrete action on the ground. The experience of this Protocol can act as both guide and inspiring example of the multilateral system at its best, and should help build confidence for future multilateral environmental agreements. This second, revised edition of “Vital Ozone Graphics” sheds a light onto the latest decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to accelerate the phase out of HCFCs and the implications this has on the use of replacement chemicals. It also focuses on the links to climate both physically up in the air and on the institutional ground of international treaty negotiations and discusses the remaining challenges posed by the large amounts of ozone killer banks still present in equipment in use and stocked away, only safe for the atmosphere once entirely destroyed.
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/ozone2/
Differentiated Responnsibilities Differentiated Responnsibilities
Reported CFC production of Non-Article 5 countries (24 out of 49 states reporting)
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Vulnerabilities Vulnerabilities
Health impacts due to ultraviolet radiation
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
The Ozone Protection Landscape The Ozone Protection Landscape
National Ozone Units in developing countries
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Arctic Ozone Depletion and Stratospheric Temperature Arctic Ozone Depletion and Stratospheric Temperature
Changes in ozone amounts are closely linked to temperature, with colder temperatures resulting in more polar stratospheric clouds and lower ozone levels. Atmospheric motions drive the year-to-year temperature changes.The Arctic stratosphere has cooled slightly since 1979, but scientists are currently unsure of the cause.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Ozone Hole Size Ozone Hole Size
The extent of ozone depletion for any given period depends on complex interaction between chemical and climatic factors such as temperature and wind. The unusually high levels of depletion in 1988, 1993 and 2002 were due to early warming of the polar stratosphere caused by air disturbances originating in mid-latitudes, rather than by major changes in the amount of reactive chlorine and bromine in the Antarctic stratosphere.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
HCFC: A Transitional Substitute for CFC HCFC: A Transitional Substitute for CFC
Depicting gradually replaced by HFCs and, to a lesser degree by natural refrigerants in developped countries (where the HCFC phase-out deadline for production was reached in 2004).
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances
Defined in the Montreal Protocol phase-outs
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
The Ozone International Awakening The Ozone International Awakening
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Air Conditioning in Southern China Air Conditioning in Southern China
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
The Antarctic Hole The Antarctic Hole
From September 21-30, 2006, the average area of the ozone hole was the largest ever observed.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
ODS Banks Reduction Potential by 2015 ODS Banks Reduction Potential by 2015
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Chemical Ozone Destruction Process in the Stratosphere Chemical Ozone Destruction Process in the Stratosphere
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Destroying ODS Banks: A Cheap Way to Mitigate Climate Change Destroying ODS Banks: A Cheap Way to Mitigate Climate Change
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund
Countries receive funds according to their compliance needs. That is, they receive funds to phase-out specific amounts of ODS production and consumption. Hence,ODS producer countries and high consumers receive more funds since they have greater needs. However all developing countries who are Parties to the Montreal Protocol have received assistance. Naturally, larger countries with higher population will also have a greater need for ODS, and ther...
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
HFC AND N2O: Two Climate Enemies Related to the Ozone Layer HFC AND N2O: Two Climate Enemies Related to the Ozone Layer
Selected greenhouse gases emissions and projections
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Skin Colour Map (Indigenous People) Skin Colour Map (Indigenous People)
Predicted from multiple environmental factors.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2
CFC End Uses in the US in 1987 CFC End Uses in the US in 1987
In percentage of all CFC uses in the US
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
HFC emissions for selected countries HFC emissions for selected countries
Note: 26 reporting countries only. Emissions under 1 000 tonnes are not represented.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Methyl Bromide Trends Methyl Bromide Trends
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
The 'Hole': A Result of Specil Weather Conditions over the Pole Repeated Every Spring The 'Hole': A Result of Specil Weather Conditions over the Pole Repeated Every Spring
The Antarctic continent is circled by a strong wind in the stratosphere which flows around Antarctica and isolates air over Antarctica from air in the midlatitudes.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
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