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Collection: Kick the Habit: A UN Guide to Carbon Neutrality

Kick the Habit: A UN Guide to Carbon NeutralityKick the Habit: A UN Guide to Carbon Neutrality
A UN Guide to Climate Neutrality
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/kick/
Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods Examples of GHG emission amounts generated by different activities or goods
are scattered across the book in the form of proportional bubbles (in kilograms of CO2 equivalent).
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions from agriculture Emissions from agriculture
Average emissions, thousand million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year in various agriculture generated emission gases.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Some examples of the effect of individual behaviour on greenhouse gas emissions in France Some examples of the effect of individual behaviour on greenhouse gas emissions in France
The area of the squares is proportionate to the annual reduction in emissions in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Displaying main areas of housing investment, daily life and private car investment.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Introducing the main renewable energies Introducing the main renewable energies
Applications: Electricity production, Industrial process, Heating or cooling buildings, Warmer water and Transport.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Greenhouse gas emissions for three sectors: Transport, Industrial processes and Agriculture Greenhouse gas emissions for three sectors: Transport, Industrial processes and Agriculture
For developing countries (i.e. non-Annex I countries), data is either old or missing. To better reflect the truth, data from 2000 is chosen to overlap from IEA (dashed circles).
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biofuel versus fossil fuel Biofuel versus fossil fuel
In green: virtuous initial equation in favour of biofuels, In red: main concerns related to biofuels, In blue: main concerns related to fossil fuels.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biofuel Production Biofuel Production
The plants grown for biofuel production absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and combustion of the biofuel releases only the CO2 previously absorbed by the plant.
01 Oct 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies Greenhouse gas intensity of national economies
The national greenhouse gas intensity measures the quantity of GHG emissions in relation to the economic output of a country and is independent of the absolute quantity of GHG emitted.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Copenhagen, paradise for cyclists Copenhagen, paradise for cyclists
In Copenhagen 36 per cent of the city's inhabitants cycle to work, using a network of more than 330 kilometres of cycle tracks and travelling at an average speed of 15 kph.
03 Oct 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Varying contribution to climate change Varying contribution to climate change
Share of transport-related greenhouse gas emissions generated by rail, sea, air and road.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions by gas Emissions by gas
Emissions of various gases from deforestation, logging, peat fires, fossil fuel and other sources.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Europe's 'Dirty Thirsty' Europe's 'Dirty Thirsty'
WWF Ranking of the 30 dirtiest power plants in Europe and (in)efficiency of power plants located in the European Union and serving the public power supply.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total CO2 emissions Total CO2 emissions
From fossil-fuel burning, cement production and gas flaring. Country size is proportionate to national carbon dioxide emissions in 2004.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The boom in air travel The boom in air travel
Number of air transport passengers per year in millions depicted as USA relative other countries.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Other options besides flight? Other options besides flight?
Most commonly used air routes, in million passengers a year. Displayed as flights most easily replace by train and flights possibly replaceable by train and ship.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The boom in shipping trade The boom in shipping trade
'(the shipping industry) now carries more than 90% of the world's trade by volume, and has tripled its tonnage since 1970'
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Same comfort level, same needs, different choices Same comfort level, same needs, different choices
In this example, CO2 emitted each day by two persons living in Munich are detailed, showing two different ways of fulfilling the same needs: 38 kg of CO2 emitted by an average consumer versus 14 kg by a more aware one.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy cost of various construction materials Energy cost of various construction materials
Energy cost of building material range from 1 to 2800. Energy consumed measured in kilowatt hour per cubic metre for stone, sawn timber, concrete, brick, cement, PVC, steel and aluminum.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy cost of out-of-season vegetables Energy cost of out-of-season vegetables
Oil required for production. Displayed as annual consumption levels of litres per kilogram of vegetable.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Energy consumption and CO2 emissions from building Energy consumption and CO2 emissions from building
Energy consumption for heating and hot water, CO2 emissions depending on the energy used for heating and hot water, for a 100 square metre dwelling.
04 Jun 2008 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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