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IAASTD - International assessment of agricultural science and technology for development
IAASTD - International assessment of agricultural science and technology for development
The International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) coincides with the widespread realization that despite significant scientific and technological achievements in our ability to increase agricultural productivity, we have been less attentive to some of the unintended social and ecological consequences o ...
Price change of selected retail foodstuffs and the percentage of retail value paid to primary
The elimination or the substantial reduction of subsidies and protectionism in industrialized countries, especially for commodities in which developing countries compete such as sugar, groundnuts and cotton is important ...
03 Jan 2008 - by Ketill Berger
Percentage of women in labor force (total and agricultural)
Gender equity is an important part of social equity. Women and men, who often have different roles and responsibilities in households and food production, often have different relationships to the various benefits derive...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arenda
World's top seed companies
The top ten seed companies have incomes at over $10 billion USD. Monsanto and Dupont/Pioneer lead the way with over 50% of seed sales in the world. All of the top ten companies are located in the U.S.A, Japan or Europe.
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Counting women’s labor
Besides housekeeping and child rearing, women and girls are usually responsible for fetching water and fuel wood. Women and girls tend to perform tasks such as planting, transplanting, hand weeding, harvesting, picking f...
03 Jan 2008 - by Ketill Berger
Women quantify lack of control over work resources
Poor rural infrastructure such as the lack of clean water supply, electricity or fuel increases women’s work load and limits their availability for professional training, childcare and income generation. The lack of acce...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The Andean cosmovision
The local Pacha (mother earth) is a micro-cosmos, a representation of the cosmos at large. It is animated, sacred, consubstantial, immanent, diverse, variable, and harmonious. Within the local Pacha there is the Ayllu (C...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Agricultural water withdrawals as proportion of total water withdrawals
Agriculture already consumes 70% of all global freshwater withdrawn worldwide and has depleted soil nutrients, resulting in N, P and K deficiencies covering 59%, 85%, and 90% of harvested area respectively in the year 20...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Agricultural liberalization: Developing country winners and losers under Doha Scenario for agriculture (scenario 1)
Under various new scenarios for world agricultural trade and development many of the world's regions will be negatively affected. Under the Doha Scenario China would fair the worst with many developing nations running in...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global legislation concerning and global burden of, infectious animal diseases
Serious socioeconomic impacts can arise when diseases spread widely within human or animal populations (such as H5N1), or when they spill over from animal reservoirs to human hosts; farming intensification often increase...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
A multifunctional perspective of agriculture
In IAASTD, multifunctionality is used solely to express the inescapable interconnectedness of agriculture’s different roles and functions. The concept of multifunctionality recognizes agriculture as a multi-output activi...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected gains (losses) for countries under Doha scenario for agriculture
Agricultural trade offers opportunities for developing countries to benefit from larger scale production for global markets, acquire some commodities cheaper than would be possible through domestic production, and gain a...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Areas of physical and economic water scarcity
Under current water use practices, increases in population and changes in diet are projected to increase water consumption in food and fiber production by 70-90%. If demands for biomass energy increase, this may aggravat...
03 Jan 2008 - by Unknown
Total public agricultural research expenditures by region, 1981-2000
During a 20 year period between 1981 to 2000 the amount of agricultural research by developing nations has outgrown those of higher income countries. The increase has been steady throughout the entire period as it is in ...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Land area: Conventional and genetically modified crops
While many regions are actively experimenting with GMOs at a small scale, the highly concentrated cultivation of GM crops in a few countries (nearly three-fourths in only the US and Argentina, with 90% in the four countr...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected impact of climate change
Future climate change and projected impacts: Increased growth and yield rates due to higher levels of carbon dioxide and temperatures could result in longer growing seasons. For example, in mid to high latitude regions, ...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in real commodity prices
Agriculture is a fundamental instrument for sustainable development; about 70% of the world’s poor are rural and most are involved in farming. National policy needs to arrive at a balance between a higher prices which ca...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Market concentration
Agricultural trade is increasingly organized in global chains, dominated by a few large transnational buyers (trading companies, agrifood processors and companies involved in production of commodities). In these globaliz...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Cost of coffee from farm gate to coffee shop
Ensuring policy space for all these countries to maintain prices for crops that are important to food security and rural livelihoods is essential. Agricultural policies in industrialized countries, including export subsi...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and land use
Changes in land use have negatively affected the net ability of ecosystems to sequester carbon from the atmosphere. For instance, the carbon rich grasslands and forests in temperate zones have been replaced by crops with...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Major genetically modified crop production countries, 2006
Some regions report increases in some crops and positive financial returns have been reported for genetically modified cotton in studies including South Africa, Argentina, China, India and Mexico. In contrast, the US and...
03 Jan 2008 - by IAASTD/Ketill Berger, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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