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Collection: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO-3)

Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO-3) Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO-3)
The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series are the flagship publications of the world's leading environmental organization. They present comprehensive and authoritative reviews and analyses of worldwide environmental conditions and trends and the policies and policy instruments available to address them. GEO-3 is published 10 years after the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 and in time for its successor, the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg. It sets an action-oriented environmental agenda for the future. Continuing the global and regional focus of the series, it complements the detailed assessment of the state of the global environment set out in GEO-2000. GEO-3 examines environmental trends over the past 30 years to provide an integrated explanation of the developments that have occurred. It not only examines the state of the environment over that period, but also the full range of social, economic, political and cultural drivers that have brought about change. Highlighting human vulnerability to environmental deterioration, it assesses effects of the spectrum of policy measures adopted. From this retrospective analysis, GEO-3 then projects future outcomes. It develops a range of scenarios for the next 30 years, from 2002-2032, with detailed exploration of the policies and instruments available at all levels for improving environmental conditions. Clearly organized and in accessible non-technical language, in full colour with extensive graphics, statistics, boxes and quick highlights, GEO-3 will be an essential tool for teaching and research as well as a vital guide for policy-makers and stimulus to future action.
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/other/geo3
Human impact, year 2032 (policy first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (policy first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 policy first scenario. This scenario suggests that decisive initiatives are taken by governments in an attempt to reach specific social and environmental goals.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 1700 (approximately) Human impact, year 1700 (approximately)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the situation as it could have been before the advent of industrialization, with very little impact and fragmentation. The main human impact at this stage would have been the conversion of land, primarily in Europe.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (sustainability first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (sustainability first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario suggests a new environment and development paradigm emerging in response to the challenge of sustainability, supported by new, more equitable values and institutions.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection) Human impact, year 2002 (Miller cylindrical projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in the world are the Arctic, the Amazon, desert areas and the Tibetan plateau. This maps uses an older color scheme that does not differentiate between the three impact classes used in the GLOBIO-2 maps after 2001.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2002 Human impact, year 2002
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in the world are the Arctic, the Amazon, desert areas and the Tibetan plateau.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Tree line in the Arctic Tree line in the Arctic
This graphic shows the location of the arctic tree line. Boreal forest occurs only to the south of the tree line (the dark green line on the graphic). The Arctic area, as defined by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), is limited by the orange line on the graphic.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (security first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (security first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario assumes a world of striking disparities where inequality and conflict prevail.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (markets first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (markets first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 markets first scenario. This scenario suggests that most of the world adopts the values and expectations prevailing in today’s industrialized countries.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact - Asian continent Human impact - Asian continent
Continental Asia is a hotspot for both biodiversity, wilderness abut also home to a majority of the World's population. The GLOBIO analysis shows that this region has seen quite significant human impacts, but with remaining wilderness in areas that has so far not been very attractive for human development - the Himalayas, the Tibetan highlands, and the Arctic regions of Russia.
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Human impact - Africa Human impact - Africa
Africa is home to some of the greatest wilderness areas in the world, as well as some of the greatest biodiversity hotspots. The GLOBIO analysis shows that the great deserts and the Central African rain forests have huge remaining tracts that show low human impact and development.
27 Feb 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Human impact - West Asia Human impact - West Asia
Vast areas of the West Asia region are sparsely populated, and are showing low fragmentation, but these are the unproductive desert areas, which naturally have quite low biodiversity (although there might be rare species there).
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Human impact - Southeast Asia and Australia Human impact - Southeast Asia and Australia
The region, with Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia have unique flora and fauna with high biodiversity and many areas that has seen little human impact. Population pressures, especially in Indonesia, are starting to threaten these unique habitats, with species such as Orangutan.
04 Oct 2005 - by Torstein Olsen and Einar Lieng, Statens Kartverk (for UNEP/GRID-Arendal)
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Human impact, year 2002 (Interrupted projection) Human impact, year 2002 (Interrupted projection)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the current situation, as a baseline for the GEO-3 scenarios. The main wilderness areas in the world are the Arctic, the Amazon, desert areas and the Tibetan plateau. This maps uses an older color scheme that does not differentiate between the three impact classes used in the GLOBIO-2 maps after 2001.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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