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UNEP/GRID-Arendal maps and graphics database
Wilderness in Norway and Europe Wilderness in Norway and Europe
This map shows wilderness in Norway and Svalbard. For the Norway map wilderness is defined as areas more than 5 km from roads, railways, power lines and other major man-made changes/installations. The European map uses a different definition of wilderness with 6 km as the excluding distance. Also, areas smaller than 4000 km2 are excluded from the map.
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total energy supply in 1995 Total energy supply in 1995
Total primary energy supply per capita is a common, albeit an imperfect measure of energy efficiency in a country. For instance, neither the impact of climate on energy use (heating, cooling) nor the size of the country and the density of the population are properly taken into account when comparing countries. Energy analysts usually prefer to compare energy use per unit of output or per unit of GDP. However, the ratio has been presented here sin...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in shipping Trends in shipping
The graphic displays the development of seaborne trade in crude oil and products to other major bulks and dry goods. It covers the period from 1970 to 2000. The growth in maritime transportation is strongly correlated with the growth in international trade. Major fluctuations in export values in the 1970s and 1980s were mainly linked with oil price variations. More recently, the development of containerized maritime transportation has been linked...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Contribution of fish to human diet Contribution of fish to human diet
The percentage of fish to the total human diet from various regions in the world. Based on statistics from 1987 to 1989. Fish is the last wild meal in the human diet, but roughly two-thirds of the world’s major stocks are now fished at or beyond their capacity, and another 10 percent have been harvested so heavily that populations will take years to recover.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sehukhuneland household surveys Sehukhuneland household surveys
For SEI
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The DPSIR Framework The DPSIR Framework
DPSIR is a general framework for organising information and reporting about state of the environment covering Driving forces, Pressures, State of the environment, Impacts and Responses. The idea of the framework was however originally derived from social studies and only then widely applied internationally, in particular for organising systems of indicators in the context of environment and, later, sustainable development.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Regional trends in biological oxygen demand Regional trends in biological oxygen demand
The graphic is a global comparison of the biological oxygen demand measured in milligrams per litre. It covers the years from 1976 - 2000. The biological oxygen demand refers to the amount of oxygen required by aerobic microorganisms to decompose the organic matter in a sample of water, such as that polluted by sewage.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The Antarctic convergence The Antarctic convergence
The Antarctic convergence represents an important climatic boundary between air and water masses, and is also an approximate boundary for the Southern Ocean, surrounding the Antarctic continent. The water around the land mass is cold and with a slightly lower salinity than north of the convergence zone. The area is also rich in nutrients, providing a key support for the ecosystems in the Southern Ocean.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gross product per person 1950-1994 Gross product per person 1950-1994
The graphic shows the evolution of gross world product per person from 1950 to 1994 in U.S Dollars. It clearly shows the steady and periodically dramatical growth of the gross world product per person since 1950.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use change
2 thematical maps: (1) CO2 emissions from industrial processes (http://www.grida.no/climate/vital/09.htm): This map depicts the unequal distribution of industry in the world. The significant part of carbon dioxide emissions comes from energy production, industrial processes and transport. The industrialised countries consequently must bear the main responsibility of reducing emissions of carbon dioxide. (2): CO2 emissions from land use change.(...
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Trends in energy consumption Trends in energy consumption
The graphic shows the total world energy consumption from 1970 to 2001, with projections to 2020. It shows the trend of increasing energy use since 1970, continuing until 2020. Over the last decade developed countries have attempted to reduce the over-all energy demand.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries Private and public Economic aid flows to developing countries
The graphic shows the trends in aid flow from 1990 to 1996 between private and public groups. Public aid largely refers to nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), made up of the developed nations of the world, who have committed to providing a certain level of development assistance to underdeveloped countries. This is called Official Development Assistance (ODA), and is given by governments on certain conces...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Tourism in the Antarctic Tourism in the Antarctic
the graph shows the number of tourist and ships going to the Antarctic from 1981 to 1996. It shows a steady increase of both tourists and ships going to antarctica. Studies have been done to estimate the effects the increased tourism has on the antarctic environment. A great number of tourists can cause disruption in wildlife breeding and reduce populations. Reports of ships hitting underwater rocks, casuing oil spills that greatly affect nearby ...
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ratio of discards from fisheries Ratio of discards from fisheries
The graphic shows the amount of discards in the fishing industry from 1988 to 1992. It is broken down into overall, fish, crustaceans and squid categories. Initiatives have been taken by several organisations, seeking to reduce the amount of discarded fish in future fisheries.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Loss of tropical forest in developing regions, 1980-1990 Loss of tropical forest in developing regions, 1980-1990
The graphic shows the amount and rate of deforestation in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa from 1980 to 1990. Tropical forests are earth's most complex biome in terms of both structure and species diversity.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Status on cost of establishing a business (compared to per capita income) Status on cost of establishing a business (compared to per capita income)
Bureaucracy and administration by local and national government can present a stumbling block for establishing businesses - in particular for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. Removing and simplifying these procedures increases the possibilities - in particular for the rural population.
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Coastal Arctic food web (drift ice) Coastal Arctic food web (drift ice)
The coastal Arctic food web is closely related to drift ice conditions and seasonal use of shorelines by both terrestrial and sea mammals. Numerous species depend upon each other and the transport of food to and from the marine areas to the coast and inland. Indigenous peoples use most of the food chain and traditionally use both environments for hunting, fishing and gathering.
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Estimated value of marine biomes Estimated value of marine biomes
An estimation of the financial value of selected different marine areas. Marine biomes are divided between coral reefs, estuaries, and oceans. The marine biome covers 75% of the earth's surface, and accounts for 90% of the planet's water supply.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World consumption and prognoses of primary energy World consumption and prognoses of primary energy
Consumption of non-renewable resources ahve been increasing in most of the world except Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. This graphic shows the world oil, natural gas and coal consumption from various regions in comparison to the world totals. Shows trends from 1990 and predicts the patterns to 2020.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Harmful algal blooms in the West Central Atlantic, 1970-96 Harmful algal blooms in the West Central Atlantic, 1970-96
The graphic shows the trend of the number of harmful algal blooms in the Western Atlantic from 1970 to 1996. The excess growth of algae is often caused by pollution, and can have negative or fatal effects on some species of fish.
28 Sep 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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