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Environment and Poverty Times #5: Pro-poor growth issue
Environment and Poverty Times #5: Pro-poor growth issue
This issue of Environment & Poverty Times was released at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) in Yokohama, Japan in May 2008. The paper features a collection of short articles, maps, graphics and other illustrations that focuses on the complex links between environment and poverty reduction. The artic ...
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/et/ep5
Natural resources - agricultural potential
Soils underpin the production of a wide range of agricultural and industrial goods and services. Soil productivity is essential to agricultural activities - for food security, cash income and supporting the livelihoods o...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trade in illegal wood products and corruption
Where government officials are keen to keep an eye shut for a share of the profits, the more the forests suffer. About 5 billion USD per year is estimated to be lost due to uncollected taxes and royalties on legally sanc...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Projected agriculture in 2080 due to climate change
With our climate changes, we have to adapt our ways to a new environment – in most cases warmer and possibly wetter and drier. Projections on the climate in the future provide some guidance for us, but how can we create ...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Human vulnerability and food insecurity – rainfall and economy in Sub-Saharan Africa
For Sub-Saharan Africa, patterns in economic growth follow precipitation patterns closely. As rainfall has decreased over the last 30 years, so has the financial development. Rainfed agriculture represents a major share ...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural resources for pro-poor economic growth
To alleviate rural poverty, one way is to sustainably use the natural resources available to the people and the communities. By supporting and expanding fisheries, small-scale mining, forestry, ecosystem services and oth...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural resources path to poverty reduction - diagramme
The rural poor of the World, and the poor countries that they live in, do not have much in monetary wealth - but natural resources represents a possible source of income. With the right support, on both the national leve...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The economy of legal wildlife trade
The trade in wild species can contribute significantly to rural incomes, and the effect upon local economies can be substantial. The high value of wildlife products and derivatives can also provide positive economic inc...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Catches in the Mauritania Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 1950-2002
Marine fisheries represent a significant, but finite, natural resource for coastal countries. The majority of the catches in some of the areas of the coast are not primarily by the coastal countries, but rather as in thi...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The importance of small forestry enterprises in developing countries
It is estimated that exported timber only represents 5 per cent of the wood cut in tropical forests. 10 per cent is timber used locally and the majority - 85 per cent- of wood is for fuel. While exports are generally the...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
The development potential - available land per capita, in land use class
The amount of land area available per capita provides a rough measure on the current carrying capacity for food security and for the development of additional agricultural products for export – such as biofuels. The calc...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Financial flows for developing countries
With increased globalization and a smaller world, money flows more easily and the flows have increased. Where aid once represented a majority of the funds from high income countries to developing countries, this has now ...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Money talks for turtles - conservation and economy
Marine turtles have been used for eggs, meat, shell, oil, leather or other products for 7000 years. Modern times have introduced another way for society to profit from these species - to generate economic income as a tou...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World poverty distribution
Three-quarters of all poor people still live in rural areas. They are heavily reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods: soil, water, forests and fisheries underpin commercial and subsistence activities and ofte...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural resource - solar power (potential)
More than two billion people cannot access affordable energy services today. They depend on inefficient locally collected and often unprocessed biomass-based fuels, such as crop residues, wood, and animal dung. Because c...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural resources - minerals
In more than hundred countries around the world, miners dig minerals and metals out of the ground, satisfying a slowly but continuously increasing demand from industrial production, agriculture, construction, high-tech s...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forests working for the global climate - Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries (REDD)
Carbon trading of credits from avoided deforestation could yield billions of dollars for tropical countries, according to an analysis by Rhett A.Butler, founder and editor from mongabay.com, a leading tropical forest web...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Government revenues from diamond exports in Sierra Leone
The government of Sierra Leone saw a total of USD 5.2 million (2004) in revenues from diamond related activities. This comes in the form of mining, dealer and export license fees and from export taxes. To feed some of th...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Forest vs. Agriculture – the case of the Mabira forest reserve, Uganda
The Mabira forest reserve, on the shores of Lake Victoria hosts valuable wildlife, serves as a timber resource, provides ecosystem services for the water balance and the rainforests represents a tourist destination. Foll...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
World map of forest distribution (Natural resources - forests)
Approximately 240 million of the world's poor that live in forested areas of developing countries depend on forests for their livelihoods. Forest and its products provide cash income, jobs, and consumption goods for poor...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural resource - water (freshwater run-off)
Freshwater – a natural resource which has been adopted as a human right by the UN in 2002: 'the human right to water entitles everyone to sufficient; affordable; physically accessible; safe and acceptable water for perso...
12 May 2008 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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