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Collection: Environment and Poverty Times #4: MDG issue

Environment and Poverty Times #4: MDG issueEnvironment and Poverty Times #4: MDG issue
This edition focuses on the linkages between the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and our common environment. Regions of the world facing the most serious decline in the services provided by ecosystems are the same areas showing the slowest progress in achieving the MDGs. In sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South Asia and parts of Latin America, the burden of poverty, hunger and disease coincides with acute deterioration of natural services such as the provision of fresh water, the formation of soils to grow corps and the availiability of natural resources such as fish, fuel-wood and medicine derived from plants. We believe that certain things in life cannot be mentioned enough, and a paper shedding light on the linkages between our environment and the MDGs still stands out as highly relevant. Even though the world has made signifi cant progress in achieving many of the goals, progress has been far from uniform across the worldor across the Goals. There are huge disparities across and within countries. One can ask if the goals merely are targets set but never met? The environment might just be the pillar upon which all the goals anf hence a more sustainable development may well fall or stand. And the environment is not a luxury only affordable when all other issues have been resolved. It is, as stated, the red ribbon running around.
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/et/ep4
Official Development Assistance in 2004 Official Development Assistance in 2004
Official development assistance, or foreign aid, consists of loans, grants, technical assistance and other forms of cooperation extended by governments to developing countries. A significant proportion of official development assistance (ODA) is aimed at promoting sustainable development in poorer countries, particularly through natural resource conservation, environmental protection and population programs. (from environmentalindicators.com) Th...
01 Nov 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal (based on a graphic by Philippe Rekacewicz)
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Toilets needed to meet the MDG sanitation target by 2015 Toilets needed to meet the MDG sanitation target by 2015
Ensure environmental sustainability goal (goal 7) among the Millennium Development Goals address sanitation, through the target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation (target 10). The indicator in this graphic display the current status on one of the indicators for this target as an estimation on the number of toilets per household that needs to be constructed from now (2005) up ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forecast World 2015 Forecast World 2015
What will the world situation, specifically related to development and environment, be in 2015? This graphic, in the form similar to a weather forecast, tries to paint out a likely future scenario, with both good and bad spots.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Lack of access to safe water Lack of access to safe water
Ensure environmental sustainability goal (goal 7) among the Millennium Development Goals address sanitation, through the target: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation (target 10). The indicator in this graphic display the current status on one of the indicators for this target, using a cartogram, where the shape of the countries are distorted to the proportions in the map. The ne...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Reference map for Tahoua, Niger Reference map for Tahoua, Niger
This map displays the location of the city of Tahoua in the Central African country of Niger. The map also displays the location of Niger, and the capital of Niger (Nimey). Tahoua is located in the southwestern part of the country, and is an administrative centre with a population of 51,000 (1988).
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania Money grows on trees - direct values from community management in Tanzania
In an effort to bring back life to the degraded and over-used lands of the poor Shinyanga region of Tanzania, the government has brought back the traditional practice of Ngitili. Vegetation and trees are nurtured in enclosures and managed through the community. The practice initiative has been a success, through education, guidance and empowerment of local institutions. Not only are there benefits from the grown products, depicted in this figure,...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Urban population: status and trends Urban population: status and trends
Since the dawn of civilization, people have been aggregating in towns and cities. This trend has reached an even higher rate with the dawn of industrialisation, and especially in developing countries, as seen in the graphic. From 1975 to 2015 the number of people in urban areas is projected to more than double.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Rainwater partitioning in India Rainwater partitioning in India
India is facing a food supply challenge with more than one billion inhabitants, and out of them 35% below the poverty line. This analysis of the rainwater partitioning show that there is room for India to use more water than the current status, to increase food production, and ultimately reduce poverty (MDG1)– while still retaining healthy aquatic ecosystems (11% of the rainwater needed for MDG7). A similar analysis conducted for Kenya show, for ...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Gender equality and empowerment of women: education status Gender equality and empowerment of women: education status
The Millennium Development Goal 3 address gender equality and empowerment of women. This map displays the status in 2001 of an indicator for target 4: 'Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015'. According to the data the situation needs to be addressed primarily in central Africa and West and Southern Asia.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nairobi - Interesting neighbours (golfcourses and slums) Nairobi - Interesting neighbours (golfcourses and slums)
Trends in development and urbanization show that the gaps between the rich and the poor is generally increasing world wide. This satellite image over Nairobi, Kenya highlights the location of golf courses and informal settlements (e.g. slums, squatters) and they are, in a few cases, next door to each other - highlighting the contrasts.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Millennium Development Goals: 2005 Trends Millennium Development Goals: 2005 Trends
The Millennium Development Goals, originally devised in 2001 together with the Millennium Declaration, outline a set of reachable and realistic goals and targets. There are eight goals, addressing various areas of development, and each of these have one or several specific targets. Many of the targets have quantitative measures attached to them. The Millennium Project, a UN research initiative set up to evaluate the progress have rated the exist...
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World development: health and economy World development: health and economy
By looking more closely at the regions we can see that the situation in the world is quite diverse. This chart portrays the status of development with two important parameters, health and economy. Regions, like Sub-Saharan Africa or the Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Republics) are quite spread out widely in the diagram, in both dimensions. Worth noting is the countries far from the imaginary line towards the top right corner....
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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World route map (World Summit 2005 and beyond) World route map (World Summit 2005 and beyond)
This timeline, shaped as a subway map, takes a tongue-in-cheek look at international events in development and environment leading up to the Millennium Declaration, the 2005 World Summit and beyond, with a milestone set at 2015 (the year specified for the Millennium Development Goals).
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Reference map for the city of Malindi, Kenya Reference map for the city of Malindi, Kenya
This map locates the city of Malindi (population approximatly 150 000 inhabitants) in Kenya. The city is located on the Kenyan coast, on the Indian Ocean. The map also displays a world map for further reference, as well as other reference points, such as the location of Nairobi and Mombasa.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Major cities in the Andean community Major cities in the Andean community
The urbanisation of the population has been happening since the first city, and is rapidly increasing in rate - especially since the dawn of industrialization. The Andean community consists out of five countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia - that are in the middle income class. The fast growing cities create new problems, like slums, sewage and the supply of resources.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change vulnerability in Africa Climate change vulnerability in Africa
Multiple stresses make most of Africa highly vulnerable to environmental changes, and climate change is likely to increase this vulnerability. This graphic shows which of the regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean Islands) are most vulnerable to specific impacts of climate change. These impacts include desertification, sea level rise, reduced freshwater availability,...
20 Sep 2005 - by Delphine Digout, Revised by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Reference map for Kerala State, India Reference map for Kerala State, India
Displays the location Kerala State (Keralam) on a regional map (India + neighbouring countries), as well as on the globe. Kerala is located in southwestern India, on the west coast. The capital of the state is Thiruvananthapuram.
20 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change and malaria, scenario for 2050 Climate change and malaria, scenario for 2050
With climate conditions changing in the future, due to increased concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, conditions for pests also change. The primary Malaria agent, the falciparum malaria parasite, will be able to spread into new areas, as displayed in this map, by 2050 using the Hadley CM2 high scenario. Other areas, not displayed in the map, will be uninhabitable by the parasite, and thus free of the pest.
01 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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