Graphics Library >> Environment and Poverty Times #3: Disaster issue

Collection: Environment and Poverty Times #3: Disaster issue

Environment and Poverty Times #3: Disaster issue
Environment and Poverty Times #3: Disaster issue
This edition of the Environment Times illustrates the problems and challenges before us, showing many practical examples on how useful preventive action can be taken. It lays out why we must think “environment” at every stage of disaster management, be it in preparing, preventing, mitigating or reacting. As for the structure of the paper, the ...
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/et/ep3
Threat of bad bugs
Locust invasions are a major threat to the agriculture, pasture, food security and social stability of rural populations occupying a very large area from Western Africa to Northern India. Large amounts of chemicals are b...
03 Oct 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Natural and industrial disasters
Some places are more prone to disaster than others. But that does it take to turn a cyclone into a disaster in one place and just a climatic event somewhere else? The main reasons are obvious enough. Economically deprive...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Barren Lands
Deforestation is well known for aggravating erosion. Bare soil has no protection against heavy rain, washing away immediately. On hillsides, it readily turns into mudslides leaving people very little time to seek refuge ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL) sites in India
Awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level (APELL). APELL achieves its aims through community participation in emergency planning, via a structured dialogue between representatives of the source of the haz...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo
In the DCR, thousands people earn their living from digging with bare hands and simple shovels to extract ore. They live with the constant risk of exposure to toxic and radioactive substances. Moreover they run a high ri...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Early warning systems
Every year, disasters caused by weather, climate and water-related hazards impact on communities around the world, leading to loss of human life, destruction of social and economic infrastructure and degradation of alrea...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Fish catch and production
Fishing activities have various negative impacts on marine ecosystems. The greatest cause for concern is the rapid depletion of fish population due to extensive commercial fishing. In 2002 72% of the world’s marine fish...
01 Feb 2006 - by Stéphane Kluser
Typology of Hazards
With growing population and infrastructures the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing. This is particularly true as the strongest population growth is located in coastal areas (with greater exposur...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Economies at risk - disasters, poverty and agricultural dependence
Natural disasters and conflict disrupts the livelihoods and financial stability of countries, and the people. A high dependence on agriculture signifies a high sensitivity to changes in the environment, such as drought a...
07 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Caribbean casualties due to hurricanes
From Trinidad to Tallahassee, Florida, tropical storms have ravaged the Caribbean basin, exacting a multibillion-dollar toll on housing, schools, hospitals, roads and sewage systems. Most of the casualties were in Haiti....
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
No shelter - refugees, sanitation and slums
In the face of any calamity we instinctively take refuge under a roof. This is little use against a chemical or nuclear accident, but for many there is no other resort. The number of people currently living in shanty tow...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Global costs of extreme weather events
The loss data on great natural disasters in the last decades show a dramatic increase in catastrophe losses. A decade comparison since 1960 is shown in the table. The reasons for this development are manifold and encompa...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Trends in natural disasters
With growing population and infrastructures the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing. This is particularly true as the strongest population growth is located in coastal areas (with greater exposur...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Conflicts and disasters - potential powder kegs (landmines and other explosives)
The planet is scattered with hazardous or explosive leftovers from a succession of technical breakthroughs – be they military or industrial – just waiting to be washed away by a flood or mudslide or carried off by a hurr...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Industrial hot spots Tisza river basin
On 30 January 2000 a tailings dam at the Aurul Mine in Romania overflowed and released 100,000 cubic metres of effluent containing cyanide into the Tisza River. By the time the overflow was detected, the alarm raised and...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Crushed by war - world conflicts
For people in countries at war or subject to economic embargos many goods are scarce, food and water constituting the most crucial shortages. But they also have to deal regularly with death and injury. In such countries ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
Tropical cyclone frequency
Tropical cyclones, or hurricanes or typhoons, are storm weather systems, characterised by a low pressure centre, thunderstorms and high windspeeds. As the name testifies, these occur in the areas between the tropics, in ...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal