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ENRIN ArchiveENRIN Archive
Assorted maps and graphics prepared in UNEP/GRID-Arendal projects.
Available online at: http://enrin.grida.no
Sites assessed by the UNEP assessment mission in 2000 Sites assessed by the UNEP assessment mission in 2000
Map showing the locations of refugee camps and environmental 'hot spots' visited by the UNEP assessment mission in 2000 when investigating the environmental effects and concerns after the armed conflicts in the region.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Land mines in the Balkans Land mines in the Balkans
Some 11 countries in Europe (Western, Central Europe and the Balkans) are affected by anti-personnel mines. Several Balkan countries are severely affected as a result of the recent armed conflicts. However, the long-term legacy of anti-personnel mine contamination is also apparent in this region, where some countries are still removing anti-personnel mines laid during the Second World War.
01 May 2003 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Refugees in Albania in 1999 Refugees in Albania in 1999
The graphic shows the number of refugees in each district of Albania, based on statistics from May of 1999. Albania borders on Greece, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro. The refugees crossed the border from Kosovo into Albania due to the humanitarian crisis of Serb aggresion towards ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ethnic groups in the South Eastern Europe Ethnic groups in the South Eastern Europe
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, ethnic tension has been a major factor in the development of the political situation in the Balkan Region. The break up of communist Yugoslavia lead to wide spread confict in the 1990-ies and has lead to the formation of new countries.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999 Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999
Shows the concentration of refugees within Macedonia and the locations of refugee centers and camps. The refugee influx put significant stress on Macedonia's weak social infrastructure. With the help of NATO and the international community, Macedonia ultimately was able to accommodate the influx.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population density, Central Asia Population density, Central Asia
Shows the population density of the Central Asian region. The Central Asia region mainly consists of the five Central Asian republics - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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South Eastern Europe to Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks South Eastern Europe to Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks
The graphic maps out the areas that are at risk, or already contaminated from nuclear industry after the break-up of the former Soviet Union. Nuclear power has unresolved problems of waste disposal. Waste remains dangerous for thousands of human generations and can be converted to plutonium, a component of nuclear weapons. The mining of nuclear fuel, containing U-235 and U-238, can pollute groundwater with both heavy metals and traces of radioact...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water quality in Albania Water quality in Albania
Water pollution in Albania is recorded on different levels; moderately polluted, organically polluted, and industrially polluted for rivers, lakes and sea areas. This map shows the areas of water pollution throughout Albania.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water quality in Macedonia Water quality in Macedonia
Shows various levels of water quality in the major rivers of Macedonia. If we analyze natural conditions in the country, we shall conclude that Macedonia is a semi-dry area (the area of Ovce Pole is the driest one in the Balkan Region), so the quantity of available water is of particular importance.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Biodiversity and protected areas in Macedonia Biodiversity and protected areas in Macedonia
A map of Macedonia showing all the protected areas, national parks natural reserves. The industry sector is the main polluter in Macedonia. The primary reasons for industrial pollution are the old, inefficient technologies, inadequate control of waste, and insufficient equipment for environment protection. The most serious problems in the country are the quality of air in Veles, Bitola, and Skopje; the pollution of surface waters (as a result o...
14 Sep 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Number of physicians per 100 000 inhabitants in Europe Number of physicians per 100 000 inhabitants in Europe
The graphic shows the number of physicians per 100 000 inhabitants in Europe. As the World Health Organization, which compiled this data, notes, 'Estimates of health personnel are extremely difficult to obtain.'
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Russian Federation Administration (Oblasts) 1997 Russian Federation Administration (Oblasts) 1997
The map shows the administrative regions (oblasts), territories, national districts and republics of Russia. Russia has a total population of well over 143 million people. It has wide natural resources, including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, strategic minerals, and timber.It also faces formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources. Major envionmental issues are air pollution from heav...
14 Sep 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Major cities in Europe, Russia and NIS (with over one million inhabitants) Major cities in Europe, Russia and NIS (with over one million inhabitants)
In 2000, the world had 6.1 billion human inhabitants. This number could rise to more than 9 billion in the next 50 years. For the last 50 years, world population multiplied more rapidly than ever before, and more rapidly than it will ever grow in the future.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sites visited in Macedonia by the Task Force (UNEP) Sites visited in Macedonia by the Task Force (UNEP)
The grapic shows all the sites the UNEP Task Force visited in Macedonia. Macedonia is part of the Balkans, bordering on Albania, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, Serbia and Greece. The graphic is part of the balkan task force' goal to provide and review information on potential and real environmental impacts, as well as those on human settlements, stemming from the ongoing conflict in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and neighbouring countrie...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Water management in Central Asia: state and impact Water management in Central Asia: state and impact
The graphic shows the effects of the shrinking of the Aral sea, and related issues, on both population migration, and environmental impacts in other areas. It also shows other water problems that could lead to tensions and conflicts.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-1991 Life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-1991
This graphic shows life expectancy at birth in 1980 and 1987-91 in Europe and former USSR. The graphic clearly shows the extended life expectancy at birth from 1987-1991, compared to the life expectancy at birth in 1980.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer Health in Central Asia, mortality, infant mortality, infectious diseases and cancer
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas and conservation hotspots in Albania Protected areas and conservation hotspots in Albania
The graphic shows the protected areas of Albania, the proposed areas for protection and areas with endangered species. Albania is well known for its high diversity of ecosystems and habitats. Within its territory there are maritime ecosystems, coastal zones, lakes, rivers, evergreen and broadleaf bushes, broadleaf forests, pine forests, alpine and sub-alpine pastures and meadows, and high mountain ecosystems. It is rich in forest and pasture reso...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Bor river/Timok river Watershed Bor river/Timok river Watershed
The graphic shows the watershed area of the Bor and Timok rivers, and the areas potentially affected by pollution.The southeast Serbian municipality of Bor is paying a high price for the century-old industrial exploitation of its copper resources. The citizens and the municipality of Bor have recently embarked on a participatory process in order to identify and tackle their most threatening environmental problems.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Population groups in Central Asia Population groups in Central Asia
The graph shows the various populations groups in Central Asia. It covers Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, all of which have two or more official languages. Uralic Altaic and Indo-European are the two main ethinc groups in this area under which the others may be categorized.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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