UN/UNEP United Nations Environment Programme - Programme des Nations Unies pour l'environnement

List of Figures

Introduction

The GEO project
GEO project organization and outputs

Chapter One: Global Perspectives
GDP per capita
Total and per capita energy consumption, 1995
Arable land per capita
World population
Military expenditures
Resource flows to developing countries
Urban population
Numbers of motor vehicles
Measures of poverty
Human Development Index
The economics of cleaner production

Chapter Two: The State of the Environment

Global issues
Global carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
Global CFC production
Global fertilizer consumption
Natural disasters, 1993-97
El Niño: sea temperature anomalies in January 1998
Population with and without sanitation, all developing countries

Regional synthesis
Calorie intake per capita
Change in forest extent, 1990-95
Threatened animal species
Global water stress, 1995 and 2025
Global marine fish catch
Annual commercial energy consumption per capita
Growth of urban populations

Africa
Population
GDP per capita
Per capita food production
Calorie intake per capita
Forest extent 1980, 1990 and 1995
Threatened animal species
Size and number of protected areas
Water stress and water scarcity in the year 2025
Marine fish catch
The threat to coral reefs
Traditional and commercial energy use
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
Urban population

Asia and the Pacific
Calorie intake per capita
GDP per capita
Population
Arable land per capita
Severity of soil degradation in South and Southeast Asia
Fertilizer use
Forest extent, 1990 and 1995
Threatened animal species
Size and number of protected areas
Renewable freshwater resources
Marine fish catch
The threat to coral reefs
Annual commercial energy consumption per capita
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
Urban population

Europe and Central Asia
Population
GDP per capita
Share of service sector in GDP
Life expectancy
Surface transport of goods
Annual commercial energy consumption per capita
Fertilizer use
Forest extent, 1990 and 1995
Size and number of protected areas
Threatened animal species
Renewable freshwater resources
Phosphorus, nitrate and organic matter in three European rivers
The decline of industrial water use: Moldova
North Sea fish stocks
The fall and rise of the Caspian Sea
Growth of urban populations
The growth in vehicles

Latin America and the Caribbean
GDP per capita
Land areas and degradation
Forest extent 1980, 1990 and 1995
Annual deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon
Threatened animal species
Size and number of protected areas
Marine fish catch
The threat to coral reefs
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
Urban population
Growth of urban populations

North America
Population
Annual commercial energy consumption per capita
Fertilizer use
Forest extent, 1990 and 1995
Threatened animal species
Size and number of protected areas
Freshwater withdrawals by sector
Atlantic finfish catch in Canada
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita

West Asia
Population
Arable land per capita
Desert status of West Asian land
Land use, 1982-84 and 1992-94
Threatened animal species
Size and number of protected areas
Renewable water resources, 1995
Freshwater withdrawals by sector
Marine fish catch
The threat to coral reefs
Annual commercial energy consumption per capita
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita
Growth of urban populations

The polar regions
The Arctic
The Antarctic

The Arctic
Indigenous populations in the Arctic
Forest damage zones
Mercury concentrations in beluga whales, 1993-94
Watersheds of Arctic rivers
Major currents in the Arctic Ocean
Oil and gas exploration and exploitation
Atmospheric pathways for POPs

The Antarctic
Antarctic tourists
CCAMLR extent
Winter and summer sea ice

Chapter Three: Policy Responses

Global and regional synthesis
Growth in numbers of Parties to selected MEAs
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)
Overall strategy for cleaner production development
Overseas Development Assistance, 1997, in million US$
Overseas Development Assistance, 1997, as a percentage of GNP

Africa
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)

Asia and the Pacific
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)

Europe and Central Asia
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)
Emissions of sulphur dioxide from Europe west of Urals

Latin America and the Caribbean
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)

North America
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)
Emission reductions through ARET
CFC production
Sulphur dioxide allowance prices

West Asia
Parties to major environment conventions (as at 1 March 1999)

Chapter Four: Future Perspectives

Future perspectives
Major emerging issues identified in the SCOPE survey
Global overview of the backdrop scenario
Policy focus of the region-specific alternative policy studies

The alternative policy studies
Sulphur and nitrogen dioxide emissions, continental Asia, different scenarios
Development of energy-related environmental problems in Europe and Central Asia
West Asia: water balance under three scenarios (scenario 1)
West Asia: water balance under three scenarios (scenario 2)
West Asia: water balance under three scenarios (scenario 3)


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