Key environmental issues by GEO region
  Land Forests Biodiversity Freshwater Coastal and marine Atmosphere Urban areas Disasters
Africa
  • Degradation and desertification
  • Inappropriate and inequitable land tenure
  • Deforestation
  • Loss of forest quality
  • Habitat degradation and loss
  • Bushmeat trade
  • Variability of water resources
  • Water stress and scarcity
  • Access to safe water and sanitation
  • Deteriorating water quality
  • Wetlands loss
  • Coastal area erosion and degradation
  • Pollution
  • Climate change and sea-level rise
  • Air quality
  • Climate variability and vulnerability to climate change
  • Floods and drought
  • Rapid urbanization
  • Solid waste
  • Water supply and sanitation
  • Air pollution
  • Drought
  • Floods
  • Armed conflict
Asia and the Pacific
  • Land degradation
  • Desertification
  • Land use change
  • Forest degradation
  • Deforestation
  • Habitat loss
  • Forest loss and degradation
  • Alien species
  • Water scarcity
  • Pollution
  • Degradation of coastal and marine resources
  • Pollution due to mining and coastal development
  • Air quality
  • Ozone depletion
  • Greenhouse gas emissions and climate change
  • Air pollution
  • Waste management
  • Water supply and sanitation
  • Floods
  • Drought
  • Volcanoes
  • Earthquakes
Europe
  • Land use
  • Soil degradation, sealing and contamination
  • Soil erosion
  • Loss of natural forests
  • Forest degradation
  • Sustainable forest management
  • Agricultural intensification
  • Genetically modified organisms
  • Water quantity and quality
  • Policy and legislative framework
  • Coastal erosion
  • Pollution
  • Air pollution
  • Stratospheric ozone depletion
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Air quality
  • Noise pollution
  • Solid waste
  • Storms and floods
  • Earthquakes
  • Human-caused disasters
Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Land degradation
  • Land tenure
  • Deforestation
  • Forest degradation
  • Habitat loss and degradation
  • Overexploitation of resources and illegal trade
  • Decreasing water available per capita
  • Water quality
  • Habitat conversion and destruction
  • Pollution
  • Overexploitation of fisheries
  • Air pollution
  • Ozone depletion
  • Air quality
  • Solid waste
  • Water supply and sanitation
  • Air quality
  • Drought
  • Hurricanes
  • Floods
  • Earthquakes
  • Spills of hazardous substances
North America
  • Land degradation
  • Pesticides
  • Forest health
  • Old growth forests
  • Habitat destruction and degradation
  • Bio-invasion
  • Groundwater
  • Great Lakes water quality
  • Conversion of fragile ecosystems
  • Overexploitation of marine resources
  • Pollution
  • Stratospheric ozone depletion
  • Greenhouse gases and climate change
  • Urban sprawl
  • Ecological footprint
  • Floods and climate change
  • Forest fires
West Asia
  • Land degradation
  • Rangeland deterioration
  • Degradation
  • Overexploitation
  • Sustainable forest management
  • Habitat degradation and loss
  • Overexploitation of species
  • Increasing water demand
  • Overexploitation of groundwater
  • Water quality
  • Coastal development and urbanization
  • Overexploitation of resources
  • Marine pollution
  • Air pollution
  • Ozone-depleting substances
  • Climate change
  • Land conversion
  • Solid waste
  • Drought
  • Oil discharges
  • Armed conflict
Polar
  • Degradation
  • Erosion
  • Climate change
  • Boreal forest issues
  • Threats to forest tundra
  • Climate change
  • Ozone depletion
  • Overexploitation
  • Alien species
  • Pollution
  • Overexploitation of fisheries
  • Pollution
  • Climate change
  • Stratospheric ozone depletion
  • Long-range air pollution
  • Climate change
  • Sanitation and waste
  • Floods
  • Oil discharges
  • Pest invasion

Note: This table represents the two or three key thematic issues by region which are covered in this chapter. Due to the DPSIR framework used for the analysis, one issue may be covered under two or more themes. For example, forest degradation may be a major driver of biodiversity loss in one region while in another it may be the key issue of concern

Back to text