Land: Asia and the Pacific

The Asia and Pacific region covers about 23 per cent of the total land area of the Earth. The most critical land issues are degradation (including desertification), land use change and soil contamination. Population growth and high population density, poor land management practices, and emerging inequities in land and resource access have been the major driving forces for change over the past 30 years. Pressures behind degradation problems vary across the region. Overgrazing, overcropping and overuse of inorganic fertilizers are issues in most sub-regions while mining, logging, monocropping and alien invasive species have had dramatic outcomes in the Pacific Island countries (PICs).