The latest report (Third Assessment Report) of the UNEP/WMO Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) notes a warming of approximately
0.7°C over most of the African continent during the 20th century
based on historical records. While the exact nature of the changes
in temperature or precipitation, and extreme events are not known,
there is general agreement that extreme events will get worse, and
trends in most variables will change in response to warming.
By the end of this century, global mean surface temperature is
expected to increase between 1.5 ºC and 6ºC. Sea levels
are projected to rise by 15 to 95 cm. The expected warming is greatest
over the interior of semi-arid margins of the Sahara and central
southern Africa. The graphics indicate that temperature rise in
Africa corresponds to global temperature rise, and that adverse
impacts including extremes, are spread across the diverse environments
of Africa, putting a huge proportion of African continent at great
Evidence of Climate Change
and Adverse Impacts in Africa
Climate Change Science
The potential impact.
What is at stake? Vulnerability and Trends in extreme events.
Advisory Group of Experts
Other climate resources
Assessment Report on Climate Change 2001 (TAR)
UNEP.Net Climate portal