Climate Change 2001:
Working Group III: Mitigation
Other reports in this collection


Aaserud, M., 1996: Costs and Benefits of Climate Policies: An Integrated Economy-Energy-Environment Model Approach for Norway. In Modelling the Economy and the Environment. B. Madsen, C. Jensen-Butler, J.B. Mortensen, A.M. Bruun Christensen,(eds.), Springer, Berlin.
Aasness, J., T. Bye, and H. T. Mysen, 1996: Welfare effects of emission taxes in Norway. Energy Economics, 18(4), 335-46.
ABARE-DFAT, 1995: Global Climate Change. Economic Dimensions of a Global Policy Response Beyond 2000. ABARE, Canberra, Australia.
Abt Associates, 1997: International PM Mortality Impacts in 2020 from Greenhouse Gas Policies. Memorandum, Environmental Research Area, USA.
Abt Associates, and Pechan-Avanti Group, 1999: Co-Control Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Control Policies. Prepared for the Office of Policy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Contract No. 68-W4-0029.
Adegbulugbe, A.O., F.I. Ibitoye, W.O. Siyanbola, G.A. Oladosu, J.F.K. Akiubonu, et al., 1997: GHG Emission Mitigation in Nigeria. In Global Climate Change Mitigation Assessment: Results from 14 transitioning and developing countries, US Country Studies Program, Washington, DC.
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ALGAS (Asian Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy), 1999a: Summary Report. Asian Development Bank, Manila.
ALGAS, 1999b: Profiles of Investment and Technical Assistance. Greenhouse Gas Abatement Projects. Asian Development Bank, Manila.
ALGAS, 1999c: People’s Republic of China.
1999d. Republic of Korea.
1999e. Myanmar.
1999f. Pakistan.
1999g. Philippines.
1999h. Thailand. Asian Development Bank, Manila.
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Andersen, F.M., H.K. Jacobsen, P.E Morthorst, A. Olsen, M. Rasmussen, T. Thomsen, and P. Trier, 1998: EMMA: En energi- og miljørelateret satellitmodel til ADAM (EMMA an energy and environmental satellite model related to ADAM). Nationaløkonomisk Tidsskrift, 136(3), 333-349.
Anderson, J., R. Morgenstern, and M. Toman, 1999: The Rationale for Flexibility in the Design of Greenhouse Gas Abatement Policies: A Review of Economic Issues. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC.
Arrow, K., 1962: The Economic Implication of Learning by Doing. Review of Economic Studies, 29, 155-173.
Aunan, K., H.A. Aaheim, and H.M. Seip, 2000: Reduced Damage to Health and Environment from Energy Saving in Hungary. Expert Workshop on Assessing the Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies, March 27-29, Washington, DC.
Babiker, M., M. E. Bautista, H. D. Jacoby, and J. M. Reilly, 2000: Effects of Differentiating Climate Policy by Sector: A U.S. Example. In Sectoral Economic Costs and Benefits of GHG Mitigation, Proceedings of the IPCC Expert Meeting, February 14-15, 2000, L. Bernstein, J. Pan, (eds.), Eisensach, Germany.
Bahn, O., E. Fragnière, and S. Kypreos, 1996: Swiss Energy Taxation Options to Curb CO2 Emissions. Conference Proceedings, The 1996 European Environment Conference, West Yorkshire, UK, pp.1-6.
Bahn, O., A. Haurie, S. Kypreos, and J.-P. Vial, 1998: Advanced Mathematical Programming Modeling to Assess the Benefits from International CO2 Abatement Cooperation. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 3, 107-115.
Bahn, O., A. Cadena, and S. Kypreos, 1999a: Joint Implementation of CO2 Emission Reduction Measures between Switzerland and Colombia. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 11, 1-12.
Bahn, O., S. Kypreos, B. Bueler, and H. J. Luthi, 1999b: Modelling an International Market of CO2 Emission Permits. International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 12(1-6), 283-291.
Bailie, A., B. Sadownik, A. Taylor, M. Nanduri, R. Murphy, J. Nyboer, M. Jaccard, and A. Pape, 1998: Cost Curve Estimation for Reducing CO2 Emissions in Canada: An Analysis by Province and Sector. Office of Energy Efficiency, Natural Resources, Canada.
Barker, T., 1993: Secondary Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Abatement: The Effects of a UK Carbon/Energy Tax on Air Pollution. Energy-Environment-Economy Modelling. Discussion Paper N°4, ESRC Research Project on Policy Options for Sustainable Energy Use in a General Model of the Economy.
Barker, T., 1997. Taxing pollution instead of jobs: Towards more employment without more inflation through fiscal reform in the UK. Ecotaxation, T. O’Riordan, (ed.), Earthscan Publ., London.
Barker, T., 1998a: Policy Evaluation in a Multi-sectoral Framework. European-US Conference on Post-Kyoto Strategies, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Barker, T, 1998b: The Effects on Competitiveness of Coordinated versus Unilateral Fiscal Policies Reducing GHG Emissions in the EU: An Assessment of a 10% Reduction by 2010 Using the E3ME Model. Energy Policy, 26(14), 1083-1098.
Barker, T. 1998c: The Use of Energy-Environment-Economy Models to Inform Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policy, Special Section.In Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal: Reflections on the Use of Models in Policy Making, S. Shackley, (ed.), 16(2), June 1998, pp. 133-131.
Barker, T., 1999: Achieving a 10% cut in Europe’s CO2 Emissions using Additional Excise Duties: Coordinated, Uncoordinated and Unilateral Action Using the Econometric Model E3ME. Economic Systems Research, 11 (4), 401-421.
Barker, T., and N. Johnstone, 1993: Equity and Efficiency in Policies to Reduce Carbon Emissions in the Domestic Sector . Energy & Environment, 4 (4), 335-361.
Barker, T., and J. Kohler, 1998: Equity and Ecotax Reform in the EU: Achieving a 10% Reduction in CO2 Emissions Using Excise Duties. Fiscal Studies, 19 (4), 375-402.
Barker, T., and K.E. Rosendahl, 2000: Ancillary Benefits of GHG Mitigation in Europe: SO2, NOx and PM10 reductions from policies to meet Kyoto targets using the E3ME model and Externe valuations. Expert Workshop on Assessing the Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies, March 27-29, Washington, DC.
Berg, E., S. Kverndokk, and K. Rosendahl, 1997a: Gains from Cartelisation in the Oil Market. Energy Policy, 25(13), 1075-1091.
Berg, E., S. Kverndokk,, and K. E. Rosendahl, 1997b: Market Power, International CO2 Taxation and Petroleum Wealth. The Energy Journal, 18(4), 33-71.
Bergman, L.,1995: Sectoral Differentiation as a Substitute for International Coordination of Carbon Taxes: A Case Study of Sweden. In Environmental Policy with Political and Economic Integration. J. Braden , T. Ulen, (eds.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Bernard, A.L., and M. Vielle. 1999a: Efficient Allocation of a Global Environment Cost between Countries : Tradable Permits VERSUS Taxes or Tradable Permits AND Taxes ? An appraisal with a World General Equilibrium Model. Working Paper, Ministère de l’équipement des transports et du logement, France.
Bernard, A.L., and M. Vielle. 1999b: The Pure Economics of Tradable Pollution Permits. Working paper, Ministère de l’équipement des transports et du logement, France.
Bernard, A.L., and M. Vielle. 1999c. Rapport à la Mission Interministérielle sur l’Effet de Serre relatif aux évaluation du Protocole de Kyoto effectuées avec le modèle GEMINI-E3 (Report to the MIES on the greenhouse effect: An evaluation of the Kyoto Protocol with the GEMINI-E3 Model, Ministère de l’équipement des transports et du logement, Commissariat à l’énergie atomique, France.
Bernstein, P., D. Montgomery, and T. Rutherford, 1999: Global Impacts of the Kyoto Agreement: Results from the MS-MRT model. Resource and Energy Economics, 21(3-4), 375-413.
Böhringer, C. , 1997: NEWAGE - Modellinstrumentarium zur gesamtwirtschaftlichen Analyse von Energie- und Umweltpolitiken, In Energiemodelle in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland - Stand der Entwicklung, S. Molt, U. Fahl, (ed.), Jülich, Germany, pp. 99-121.
Böhringer, C. , 2000: Cooling Down Hot Air - A Global CGE Analysis of Post-Kyoto Carbon Abatement Strategies, Energy Polic, 28, 779-789.
Böhringer, C., and T.F. Rutherford, 1997: Carbon Taxes with Exemptions in an Open Economy - A General Equilibrium Analysis of the German Tax Initiative. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 32, 189-203.
Böhringer, C., T.F. Rutherford, 1999: Decomposing General Equilibrium Effects of Policy Intervention in Multi-Regional Trade Models - Methods and Sample Application. ZEW Discussion Paper 99-36, Mannheim, Germany.
Böhringer, C., T.F. Rutherford, 2001: World Economic Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol. In Internalization of the Economy, Environmental Problems and New Policy Options, P.J.J. Welfens, R. Hillebrand, A. Ulph, (eds.), Springer, Heidelberg/New York.
Böhringer, C., et al., 1997: Volkswirtschaftliche Effekte einer Umstrukturierung des deutschen Steuersystems unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Umweltsteuern. Forschungsbericht des Instituts für Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung, Universität Stuttgart, Band 37, Stuttgart.
Borja-Aburto, V.H., D.P. Loomis, S.I. Bangdiwala, C.M. Shy, and R.A. Rascon-Pacheco, 1997: Ozone, Suspended Particulates and Daily Mortality in Mexico City. American Journal of Epidemiology 145(3), 258-68.
Borja-Aburto, V.H., M. Castillejos, D. R. Gold, S. Bierzwinski, and D. Loomis, 1998: Mortality and Ambient fine Particles in Southwest Mexico City, 1993-1995. Environmental Health Perspectives, 106, 849-855.
Bovenberg, A. L., and L.H. Goulder, 2001: Neutralizing the Adverse Industry Impacts of CO2 Abatement Policies: What Does It Cost? In Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policies, C. Carraro , G. Metcalf, ( eds.), University of Chicago Press, Chicago/London.
Boyd, R., K. Krutilla and W.K. Viscusi, 1995: Energy Taxation as a Policy Instrument to Reduce CO2 Emissions: A Net Benefit Analysis. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 29(1), 1-25.
Braga, A., G. Conceicao, L. Pereira, H. Kishi, J. Pereira, and M. Andrade, 1999: Air Pollution and Pediatric Hospital Admissions in Sao Paulo. Journal of Environmental Medicine 1, 95-102.
Brännlund, R., and I.-M. Gren, 1999: Green Taxes in Sweden: A Partial Equilibrium Analysis of the Carbon Tax and the Tax on Nitrogen in Fertilizers. In Green Taxes – Economic Theory and Empirical Evidence from Scandinavia. R. Brännlund, I-M. Gren, (eds.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Bråten, J., and R. Golombek, 1998: OPEC’s Response to International Climate Agreements. Environmental and Resource Economics, 12(4), 425-42.
Brendemoen, A., and H. Vennemo, 1994: A Climate Treaty and the Norwegian Economy: A CGE Assessment. The Energy Journal, 15(1), 77-93.
Brown et al., 1997a: Scenarios of U.S. Carbon Reductions: Potential Impacts of Energy Technologies by 2010 and Beyond. Prepared by ORNL, LBNL, PNNL, NREL, ANL for the U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Brown, S., D. Donovan, B. Fisher, K. Hanslow, M. Hinchy, M. Matthewson, C. Polidano, V. Tulpulé, and S. Wear, 1997b: The Economic Impact of International Climate Change Policy. ABARE Research Report 97.4, Canberra, Australia.
Brown, M., M. Levine, J. Romm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Koomey, 1998: Engineering-Economics Studies of Energy Technologies to reduce GHG emissions: Opportunities and Challenges. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 23, 287-385.
Brown, S., D. Kennedy, C. Polidano, K. Woffenden, G. Jakeman, B. Graham, F. Jotzo, and B. Fisher, 1999: Economic Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol: Accounting for the Three Major Greenhouse Gases. ABARE Research Report 99.6, Canberra, Australia.
Brown et al. 2000: A Clean Energy Future for the US, prepared by ORNL, LBNL, PNNL, NREL, ANL for the U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Burtraw, D., and M. Toman, 1997: The Benefits of Reduced Air Pollutants in the U.S. from Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies. Discussion Paper 98-01-REV, Resources for the Future, USA.
Burtraw, D., A. Krupnick, K. Palmer, A. Paul, M. Toman, and C. Bloyd, 1999: Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution in the US from Moderate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in the Electricity Sector. Discussion Paper 99-51, Resources for the Future, USA.
Bye, B., 2000: Environmental Tax Reform and Producer Foresight: An Intertemporal Computable General Equilibrium Analysis. Journal of Policy Modeling, 22,(6), 719-752.
Bye, B., and K. Nyborg, 1999: The Welfare Effects of Carbon Policies: Grandfathered Quotas versus Differentiated Taxes. Discussion Papers 261, Statistics Norway, Norway.
Capros, P., L. Mantzos, L. Vouyoukas, and D. Petrellis, 1999a: European Energy and CO2 Emissions Trends to 2020. Paper presented at IEA/EMF/IIASA Energy Modelling Meeting, Paris, June 1999, 1-18.
Capros, P., L. Mantzos, P. Criqui, Kouvaritakis, Sorai, Scrattenkolzer, and L. Vouyoukas, 1999b: Climate Technology Strategy 1: Controling Grenhouse Gases. Policy and Technology Options. Springer Verlag eds., Berlin.
Capros, P., T. Georgakopoulos, D. Van Regemorter, S. Proost, T.F.N Schmidt, K. Conrad, and L. Vouyoukas, 1999c: Climate Technology Strategy: Controlling Greenhouse Gases 2: The Macroeconomic Costs and Benefits of Reducing Greenhouse Gases Emissions in the European Union. Springer Verlag eds., Berlin.
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Carraro, C., and A. Soubeyran, 1996: Environmental Taxation and Employment in a Multi-sector General Equilibrium Model. In Environmental Fiscal Reform and Unemployment. Kluwer Academnic Publishers, London.
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Cifuentes, L., J.J. Prieto, et al., 1999: Valuation of mortalitiy risk reductions at present and at an advanced age: Preliminary results from a contingent valuation study. Annual Meeting of the Latin American and Caribean Economic Association, Santiago, Chile.
Cifuentes, L., E. Sauma, H. Jorquera, and F. Soto, 2000: Co-controls Benefits Analysis for Chile: Preliminary estimation of the potential co-control benefits for Chile. COP-5: Progress Report (Revised Version), L.A. Cifuentes, E. Sauma, H.Jorquera, F. Soto, (eds.), 12 Nov 1999.
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Contaldi, M., and G.C. Tosato, 1999: Carbon Tax and its Mitigation Effect through Technology Substitution: An Evaluation for Italy. Proceedings of 22nd IAEE Annual International Conference, Rome, June 9-12, 1999.
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Cornwell, A., and J. Creedy 1996: Carbon Taxation, Prices and Inequality in Australia, Fiscal Studies, 17(3), 21-38.
Council of Economic Advisors, 1998: The Kyoto Protocol and the President’s Policies to Address Climate Change: Administration Economic Analysis. Washington, DC.
Criqui, P. and N. Kouvaritakis, 1997: Les coûts pour le secteur énergétique de la réduction des émissions de CO2: une évaluation avec le modèle POLES. To be published in les actes du Colloque de Fontevraud: Quel environnement au XXIème siècle? Environnement, maîtrise du long-terme et démocratie, 20 pp.
Criqui, P., S. Mima, and L. Viguer, 1999: Marginal Abatement Costs of CO2 emission Reductions, Geographical Flexibility and Concrete Ceilings: An Assessment Using the POLES Model. Energy Policy, 27(10), 585-602.
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Davis, D.L., A. Krupnick, and G. Thurston, 2000: The Ancillary Health Benefits and Costs of GHG Mitigation: Scope, Scale, and Credibility. Expert Workshop on Assessing the Ancillary Benefits and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies, March 27-29, Washington, DC.
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Donovan, D., K. Schneider, G. Tessema, and B. Fisher, 1997: International Climate Change Policy: Impacts on Developing Countries. ABARE Research Report 97.8, Canberra, Australia.
ECON, 1997: Avgiftenes rolle i klimapolitikken (The role of taxes in the climate policy). ECON report n°60/97, ECON Centre for Economic Analysis, Oslo.
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Ekins, P., 1996: How Large a Carbon Tax is justified by the Secondary Benefits of CO2 Abatement. Resource and Energy Economics, 18(2), 161-187.
Ellerman, A.D., and I. Sue Wing, 2000: Supplementarity: A Invitation for Monopsony, Report n°59, Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, MIT, Cambridge, MA.
EMF-14 (Energy Modelling Forum) Working Group, 1997: Integrated Assessment of Climate Change. The EMF 14 Working Group, Stanford Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
EMF-16 (Energy Modelling Forum), Working Group 1999: Economic and Energy System Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol: Results from the Energy Modeling Forum Study. The EMF 16 Working Group, Stanford Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, July 1999.
EIA (Energy Information Administration), 1998: Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on U.S. Energy Markets and Economic Activity. Washington, US Department of Energy.
EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency), 1999: The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act, 1990 to 2010. EPA-410-R-99-001
European Commission, 1999: ExternE: Externalities of Energy. European Commission, DGXII, Science, Research and Development, JOULE.
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Garbaccio, R.F., M.S. Ho and D.W. Jorgenson, 1999: Controlling Carbon Emissions in China. Environment and Development Economics, 4(4 Oct), 493-518
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