Figure 8.22: Niño-3
SST anomaly predictions and hindcast made at various times during the 1997 to
1998 El Niño event together with the subsequent observed SST anomaly (solid).
Predictions made at ECMWF (Stockdale et al., 1998, long dash), JMA (Ishii et al.,
1998, short dash), NCEP (Barnston et al., 1999, long short dash) and the hindcast
made at BMRC (Wang et al., 2000, dot dash) are shown.