Climate Change 2001:
Working Group I: The Scientific Basis
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Figure 12.5: (a) Response (covariance, normalised by the variance of radiance fluctuations) of zonally averaged annual mean atmospheric temperature to solar forcing for two simulations with ECHAM3/LSG. Coloured regions indicate locally significant response to solar forcing. (b) Zonal mean of the first EOF of greenhouse gas-induced temperature change simulated with the same model (from Cubasch et al., 1997). This indicates that for ECHAM3/LSG, the zonal mean temp-erature response to greenhouse gas and solar forcing are quite different in the stratosphere but similar in the troposphere.

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