Technology transfer among the Annex I countries is largely private sector driven. There are strong R&D institutions, and interfaces exist between R&D institutions, forest departments and private plantation companies. There is a significant quantity of timber export among Annex I countries. Thus mechanisms such as timber certification and financial incentives for sustainably logged timber could facilitate adoption of sustainable practices even in Annex I countries. NGOs could play a significant role in educating the consumers about import and certification of sustainable timber coming from other Annex I countries and recycling of forest products.
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