As noted in Chapter 1, technology transfer has many meanings, and many different terms are used for the processes involved in the development and international diffusion of technologies. Legally within the FCCC it relates to "transfer and access to environmentally sound technologies and know-how to implement" the Convention. Despite widely different perceptions and interests, all Parties agree that transfer and cooperation to advance the availability and use of environmentally sound technologies (EST) is critical to effective responses to climate change.
This chapter explores the international political context and actual or potential influence of international agreements and legal structures on technology transfer. The subsequent chapters explore how domestic circumstances and international programmes, including financial initiatives and institutions, can assist the process of technology transfer.
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