The Regional Impacts of Climate Change

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Colman, R.A., S.B. Power, B.J. MacAvaney and R.R. Dahni, 1995:

A non-flux-corrected transient CO2 experiment using the BMRC coupled atmosphere/ocean GCM. Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 3047-3050.

Cubasch, U., K. Hasselmann, H. H�ck, E. Maier Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, B.D. Santer, and R. Sausen, 1992:

Time-dependent greenhouse warming computations with a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Climate Dynamics, 8, 55-69.

Cubasch, U., G. Meehl, and Z.C. Zhao, 1994a:

IPCC WG I Initiative on Evaluation of Regional Climate Change. Summary Report, 12 pp.

Cubasch, U., B.D. Santer, A. Hellach, G. Hegerl, H. H�ck, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz and A. St�ssl, 1994b:

Monte Carlo climate change forecasts with a global coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Climate Dynamics, 10, 1-20.

Gordon, H.B. and S.P. O'Farrell, 1997:

Transient climate change in the CSIRO coupled model with dynamical sea-ice. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 875-907.

Hasselmann, K, R. Sausen, E. Maier-Reimer and R. Voss, 1993:

On the cold start problem in transient simulations with coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Climate Dynamics, 9, 53-61.

Hasselmann K., L. Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, G.C. Hegerl, H. Rodhe, E. Roeckner, H. von Storch, R. Voss, and J. Waszkewitz, 1995:

Detection of anthropogenic climate change using a fingerprint method. In: Proceedings of "Modern Dynamical Meteorology," Symposium in honor of Aksel Wiin-Nielsen, 1995 [P. Ditlevsen (ed.)]. ECMWF Press.

Ingram, W.J., C.A. Wilson, and J.F.B. Mitchell, 1989:

Modeling climate change: An assessment of sea-ice and surface albedo feedbacks. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 8609-8622.

IPCC, 1990:

Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment [Houghton, J.T., G.J. Jenkins, and J.J. Ephraums (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 365 pp.

IPCC, 1992. Climate Change 1992:

The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment. Report of the IPCC Scientific Assessment Working Group [Houghton, J.T., B.T. Callander, and S.K. Varney (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 200 pp.

IPCC, 1996:

Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Houghton, J.J., L.G. Meiro Filho, B.A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg and K.Maskell (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 572 pp.

Johns, T.C., R.E. Carnell, J.F. Crossley, J.M. Gregory, J.F.B. Mitchell, C.A. Senior, S.F.B. Tett, and R.A. Wood, 1997:

The second Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM: Model description, spinup and validation. Climate Dynamics, 13, 103-134.

Keen, A.B., 1995:

Investigating the effects of initial conditions on the response of the Hadley Centre coupled model. Hadley Centre Internal Note no. 71.

Keming, C., J. Xiangze, L. Wuyin, Y. Yongquiang, G. Yufu, and Z. Xuehong, 1994:

Lecture in International Symposium on Global Change in Asia and the Pacific Region (GCAP). 8-10 Aug, 1994, Beijing.

Kittel, T.G.F., N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.E. Schimel, and VEMAP modeling participants, 1995:

The VEMAP integrated database for modeling United States ecosystem/vegetation sensitivity to climate change. Journal of Biogeography, 22, 857-862.

Kittel, T.G.F., F. Giorgi and G.A. Meehl, 1997:

Intercomparison of regional biases and doubled CO2 sensitivity of coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model climate experiments. Climate Dynamics (in press).

Li, X., Z. Zongci, W. Shaowu, and D. Yohui, 1994:

Evaluation of regional climate change simulation: A case study. Proceedings of the IPCC Special Workshop on Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Fortaleza, Brazil, 17-21 October 1994.

Manabe, S. and R.T. Wetherald, 1975:

The effects of doubling the CO2 concentration on the climate of a general circulation model. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 32, 3-15.

Manabe, S., R.J. Stouffer, M.J. Spelman, and K. Bryan, 1991:

Transient responses of a coupled-ocean atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO2. Part I: Annual mean response. Journal of Climate, 4, 785-818.

Manabe, S., M.J. Spelman, and R.J. Stouffer, 1992:

Transient responses of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO2. Part II: Seasonal response. Journal of Climate, 5, 105-126.

Mearns, L.O., F. Giorgi, L. McDaniel, and C. Shields, 1995a:

Analysis of daily variability of precipitation in a nested regional climate model: Comparison with observations and doubled CO2 results. Global and Planetary Change, 10, 55-78.

Mearns, L.O., F. Giorgi, L. McDaniel, and C. Shields, 1995b:

Analysis of variability and diurnal range of daily temperature in a nested regional climate model: Comparison with observations and doubled CO2 results. Climate Dynamics, 11, 193-209.

Meehl, G.A. and W.M. Washington, 1995:

Cloud albedo feedback and the super greenhouse effect in a global coupled GCM. Climate Dynamics, 11, 399-411.

Meehl, G.A. and W.M. Washington, 1996:

El Ni�o-like climate change in a model with increased atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Nature, 382, 56-60.

Miller, J.R. and G.L. Russell,1995:

Climate change and the Arctic hydrologic cycle as calculated by a global coupled atmosphere-ocean model. Annual Glaciology, 21, 91-95.

Mitchell, J.F.B. and T.J. Johns, 1997:

On modification of global warming by sulfate aerosols. Journal of Climate, 10, 245-267.

Mitchell, J.F.B., R.A. Davis, W.J. Ingram, and C.A. Senior, 1995b:

On surface temperature, greenhouse gases and aerosols: models and observations. Journal of Climate, 10, 2364-2386.

Murphy, J.M., 1995a:

Transient response of the Hadley Centre coupled model to increasing carbon dioxide. Part I - Control climate and flux adjustment. Journal of Climate, 8, 36-56.

Murphy, J.M., 1995b:

Transient response of the Hadley Centre coupled model to increasing carbon dioxide. Part III - Analysis of global-mean response using simple models. Journal of Climate, 8, 496-514.

Murphy, J.M. and J.F.B. Mitchell, 1995:

Transient response of the Hadley Centre coupled model to increasing carbon dioxide. Part II - Temporal and spatial evolution of patterns. Journal of Climate, 8, 57-80.

Power, S., R. Colman, B. McAvaney, R. Dahni, A. Moore, and N. Smith, 1993:

The BMRC coupled atmosphere/ocean/sea ice model. The BMRC Research Report No 37.

Raisanen, J., 1995:

A comparison of the results of seven GCM experiments in Northern Europe. Geophysica, 30(1-2), 3-30.

Russell, G.L., J.R. Miller, and D. Rind, 1995:

A coupled atmosphere-ocean model for transient climate change studies. Atmosphere-Ocean, 33, 4.

Santer, B.D., W. Bruggemann, U. Cubasch, K. Hasselmann, E. Maier-Reimer, and U. Mikolajewicz, 1994:

Signal-to-noise analysis of time-dependent greenhouse warming experiments. Part 1: Pattern analysis. Climate Dynamics, 9, 267-285.

Tett, S.F.B., T.C. Johns, and J.F.B. Mitchell, 1997:

Global and regional variability in a coupled AOGCM. Climate Dynamics, 13, 303-323.

Tokioka, T., A. Noda, A. Kitoh, Y. Nikaidou, S. Nakagawa, T. Motoi, S. Yukimoto, and K. Takata, 1995:

A transient CO2 experiment with the MRI CGCM. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 74(4), 817-826.

Washington, W.M. and G.A. Meehl, 1989:

Climate sensitivity due to increased CO2: Experiments with a coupled atmosphere and ocean general circulation model. Climate Dynamics, 4, 1-38.

Washington, W.M. and G.A. Meehl, 1993:

Greenhouse sensitivity experiments with penetrative cumulus convection and tropical cirrus albedo effects. Climate Dynamics, 8, 211-223.

Washington, W.M. and G.A. Meehl, 1996:

High-latitude climate change in a global coupled ocean-atmosphere-sea ice model with increased atmospheric CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 12795-12801.

Wetherald, R.T. and S. Manabe, 1995:

The mechanisms of summer dryness induced by greenhouse warming. Journal of Climate, 8, 3096-3108.

Whetton, P.H., P.J. Rayner, A.B. Pittock, and M.R. Haylock, 1994:

An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on an intercomparison of general circulation modeling results. Journal of Climate, 7, 441-463.

Whetton, P., M. England, S. O'Farrell, I. Waterson, and B. Pittock, 1996:

Global comparison of the regional rainfall results of enhanced greenhouse coupled and mixed layer ocean experiments: Implications for climate change scenario development. Climatic Change, 33, 497-519.

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