The Regional Impacts of Climate Change

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Chapter 5: Europe

Executive Summary

5.1. Background Characterization/Current Baseline Conditions

5.1.1. Geography
5.1.2. Ecology
5.1.3. Population and Demographic Trends
5.1.4. Economics

5.1.4.1. Economic Sectors: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
5.1.4.2. Economic Sectors: Mining, Manufacturing, Energy Patterns, and Transportation

5.2. Regional Climate Characteristics

5.2.1. Current Climate
5.2.2. Climatic Trends in This Century
5.2.3. Projections for the Future

5.3. Key Impacts

5.3.1. Ecological Systems

5.3.1.1. Forests
5.3.1.2. Grasslands and Rangelands
5.3.1.3. Noncoastal Wetlands
5.3.1.4. Freshwater Ecosystems
5.3.1.5. Littoral and Pelagic Zones
5.3.1.6. Adaptation Options

5.3.2. Agriculture and Fisheries

5.3.2.1. Agricultural Production

5.3.2.1.1. Annual crops
5.3.2.1.2. Perennial crops
5.3.2.1.3. General trends in agriculture

5.3.2.2. Fisheries
5.3.2.3. Adaptation Options

5.3.3. Cryosphere, Hydrology, Water Resources, and Water Management

5.3.3.1. Snow and Ice
5.3.3.2. Hydrology and Water Management
5.3.3.3. Adaptation Options

5.3.4. Coastal Zones

5.3.4.1. Adaptation

5.3.5. Other Infrastructure/Activities/Settlement

5.3.5.1. Energy Demand
5.3.5.2. Water Supply
5.3.5.3. Water Demand
5.3.5.4. Air Pollution
5.3.5.5. Construction and Infrastructure
5.3.5.6. Insurance

5.3.6. Human Health

5.4. Integrated Assessment of Potential Vulnerabilities and Impacts

5.4.1. Integrated Assessment Using Monetization
5.4.2. Integrated Assessment Using Integrated Modeling
5.4.3. Integrated Assessment Using Coupled Models and Expert Panels

References

Edited by: MARTIN BENISTON (SWITZERLAND) AND RICHARD S.J. TOL (THE NETHERLANDS)

Lead Authors: R. Delécolle (France), G. Hoermann (Germany), A. Iglesias (Spain), J. Innes (Switzerland), A.J. McMichael (UK), W.J.M. Martens (The Netherlands), I. Nemesova (Czech Republic), R. Nicholls (UK), F.L. Toth (Germany)

Contributors: S. Kovats (UK), R. Leemans (The Netherlands), Z. Stojic (Slovenia)



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