Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

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5.3.2.1. Alternative Approaches Proposed for Establishing Baselines

The main choices to be considered when deciding on how to establish a baseline are as follows:

These options are discussed below. Table 5-4 provides examples of how baselines of different pilot projects have been constructed.

Table 5-4: Approaches used by different projects to establish baselines.

 
Baseline Issues
Type of Project
Project-Specific or Generic
Approach Used to Establish Baseline
Fixed or Adjustable
Reference

Avoided Emissions        
Noel Kempf Climate Action Project, Bolivia Project-specific Simple logical argument based on adjusting observed trends; quantification of baseline carbon done in proxy areas Adjustable, based on changes of demand for timber, changes in marketable species, forest law, and rates of deforestation Brown et al. (2000)
Reduced Impact Logging, Sabah, Malaysia Project-specific Simple logical argument, based on assuming continuation of business-as-usual trends; quantification of baseline carbon done in control plots Fixed Pinard and Putz (1997)
Rio Bravo Carbon Sequestration Project, Belize Project-specific Simple logical argument, based on assuming continuation of business-as-usual trends Fixed Programme for Belize (1997)

Sequestration        
Farm Forestry Scolel Te Pilot Project, Chiapas, Mexico Mixed approach Regional land-use model with community-specific adjustments based on land-use needs Fixed Tipper et al. (1998)
INFAPRO Rainforest Rehabilitation, Malaysia Project-specific Simple logical argument, based on assuming continuation of business-as-usual trends; quantification of baseline carbon done in control plots Fixed Moura-Costa et al. (1996)

Multi-Component (avoided emissions and sequestration)        
Protected Areas Project and Private Forests Project, Costa Rica Generic, set by Costa Rican Office for Joint Implementation (OCIC) Simple logical argument, based on adjusting current land-use trends; quantification of baseline carbon based on literature values No adjustments planned SGS (1998)
Guaraqueçaba Climate Action Project, Brazil Project-specific Spatial land-use models incorporating socioeconomic factors Adjustable, to recalibrate model at frequent intervals Brown et al. (1999a)




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