The major objective of sustainable agriculture and rural development (SARD), as defined by Agenda 21 (UNCED, 1992), is to sustainably increase food production and enhance food security. Key elements of SARD (FAO, 1997b) include increasing agricultural production in ways that ensure access by all people to the food they need; helping people satisfy their social and cultural aspirations; and protecting and conserving the capacity of the natural resource base to continue to provide production, environmental, and cultural services. Potential LULUCF activities and projects to reduce carbon emissions or sequester carbon in agricultural systems (Section 4.4) could be designed to be consistent with these goals.
The FAO is helping countries evaluate the compatibility of policies with SARD objectives, advising on incentives, and developing indicators and guidelines for sustainable agricultural practices. Thus, the FAO may be a useful resource for Parties seeking to ensure that LULUCF climate mitigation measures in the agricultural sector are compatible with sustainable development objectives. The FAO recognizes several more specific issues associated with sustainable agriculture (FAO, 1997a; UNCSD, 1997), including the following:
In addition, the Committee on Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics (NRC, 1993) proposed several specific land-use options to achieve sustainable agriculture in tropical regions, including the following:
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