Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

Other reports in this collection Lateral Fluxes of Carbon

In addition to vertical fluxes (to the atmosphere), there are a number of lateral fluxes of carbon and plant nutrients at the land surface or in the soil interior. A human-induced activity that leads to degradation in one location may result in aggradation elsewhere (e.g., nutrient transfers).
Examples at the biome/agro-ecosystem/agro-ecological zone level follow:

Examples of lateral carbon fluxes at the landscape level follow:

If human activities that induce changes in soil organic matter are included as Protocol activities under Article 3.4, these lateral transfers (since 1990) will need to be taken into account, guided by a careful analysis of the local land-use system.

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