IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Footnotes for Chapter 1: Background and Overview

1. For example, no scenarios are included that explicitly assume implementation of the emission targets in the Kyoto protocol.

2. Metric tons are used throughout this report. Unless otherwise specified, monetary units are 1990 US dollars (see Chapter 4).

3. Anderson, 1998; Alcamo and Swart, 1998; Gaffin, 1998; Gregory, 1998; Gregory and Rogner, 1998; Grübler, 1998; Michaelis, 1998; Morita and Lee, 1998a; Nakic´enovic´ et al., 1998; Price et al., 1998.

4. e.g., www-cger.nies.go.jp/cger-e/db/ipcc.html; www.iiasa.ac.at.

5. de Vries et al., 2000; Fenhann, 2000; Jiang et al., 2000, Jung et al., 2000; Kram et al., 2000; Mori, 2000; Nakic´enovic´, 2000; Riahi and Roehrl, 2000; Roehrl and Riahi, 2000; Sankovski et al., 2000.

6. Please note that in the Summary for Policymakers, two of these groups were merged into one. See also the endnote in Box 1-2.

7. The 1990 emissions from energy production and use are estimated by Marland et al. (1994) at 5.9 GtC excluding cement production. The 1990 base year values in the scenarios reviewed range from 4.8 (CETA/EMF14, Scenario MAGICC CO2 ) to 6.4 GtC (ICAM2/EMF14); see Dowlatabadi and Kandlikar 1995; Peck and Teisberg, 1995.

8. Please note that in the Summary for Policymakers, two of these groups were merged into one. See also the endnote in Box 1-2.