Mt. Elgon is an extinct volcano located in the eastern part of Uganda and bisected by the Uganda/Kenya border. The Mt. Elgon National Park on the Ugandan side is home to a variety of species of flora and fauna and is a popular tourist destination. The main source of livelihood for these people is agriculture, and the hilly areas are cleared for agricultural fields and settlements. As a result, the Mt. Elgon slopes are highly prone to landslides which are caused by a combination of unsustainable land use practices, high population densities, heavy rainfalls, as well as natural factors such as soil properties and hill steepness.
The impacts of the annual landslides go beyond the irreplaceable damages to the lives and livelihoods of the people living in the area. It also effects the local environment as well as infrastructure such as roads and bridges where damages have amounted to millions of dollars over the last years.
While much research have been done on the landslides in the area, few have looked at the data capacity and needs in terms of disaster preparedness and response in the eight Mt. Elgon districts. As a response to this need, a feasibility study was undertaken in March to September 2012 to assess the data needs and current capacity at district level. The report is based on field visits and consultations with stakeholders at local, sub-county, district and national level. In addition, relevant actors from institutions such as the Red Cross Uganda, the National Park Headquarters and the National Environment Management Authority were consulted in the process.
The report presents the main findings of the study, including:
An identification of the major causes of landslides in the Mt. Elgon region;
Identification of relevant governmental and non-governmental actors;
The state of landslide management in Mt. Elgon;
Human and technical capacity at district level.
On the basis of these findings, a list of proposed interventions are suggested, including:
A landslide reporting database;
Establishment of a Mt. Elgon Environment Information Network;
Various landslide information products
The complete Feasibility Study Report can be downloaded and viewed by clicking the 'download PDF'.