AFRICA ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK
Past, present and future perspectives
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AFRICA ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK
 
 

AFRICA ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK

Past, present and future perspectives

CONTENTS

AEO Collaborating centres
Acknowledgements
Foreword
Preface
The AEO Project
Synthesis
The AEO Sub-regions

CHAPTER 1: ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: 1972-2002

Introduction
The 1970s - winds of change
The 1980s - stagnation
The 1990s - 2002 - towards revitalization
Conclusion

CHAPTER 2: THE STATE OF AFRICA'S ENVIRONMENT AND POLICY ANALYSIS

Introduction
Part A: Atmosphere

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part B: Biodiversity

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part C: Coastal and Marine Environments

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part D: Forests

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part E: Freshwater

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part F: Land

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Part G: Urban Areas

Regional Overview
Northern Africa
Eastern Africa
Western Indian Ocean Islands
Southern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Conclusion

Concluding Summary

Atmosphere
Biodiversity
Coastal and Marine Environments
Forests
Freshwater
Land
Urban Areas
The Complex Relationships Between Environmental Issues

CHAPTER 3: HUMAN VULNERABILITY TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE

Introduction
Understanding human vulnerability
Environmental change: impacts on people
Social dimensions to human vulnerability
Economic dimensions to human vulnerability
Addressing human vulnerability to environmental change
Challenges of reducing human vulnerability
Conclusions

CHAPTER 4: OUTLOOK 2002-2032

Visualizing the future
Methodology: the scenario approach
Africa regional futures: scenario development in the AEO
Quantitative expressions of the scenarios
The driving forces of the scenarios
Scenarios and their environmental implications
Discussions and synthesis
Conclusion

CHAPTER 5: POLICY RESPONSES, ANALYSIS AND ACTION

Introduction
Policy responses and analysis
Proposals for action
Conclusion
Annex 1: Summary of key policy reponses
Annex 2: Failures, weaknesses and gaps in environmental management
Annex 3: Proposed action areas, activities and repsonsibilities

Acronyms and abbreviations
Contributors
Figures and Tables