AFRICA ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK
Past, present and future perspectives

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

ACOPS Advisory Committee on the Protection of the Sea
ADB African Development Bank
ADMADE Administrative Management Design for Game Areas (Zambia)
AEC African Economic Community
AEO Africa Environment Outlook
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AMCEN African Ministerial Conference on the Environment
AMU Arab Maghreb Union
APINA Air Pollution Impact Network for Africa
ArabMAB Arab Man and Biosphere (network)
ARI acute respiratory infection
ASCN African Sustainable Cities Network
ATO African Timber Organization
AU African Union
CAIP Cairo Air Improvement Project
CAMRE Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment
CARPE Central Africa Regional Programme for the Environment
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CBNRM Community-Based Natural Resource Management
CCF Climate Change Fund
CEDARE Centre for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe
CEFDHAC Conference on Ecosystems of Dense Humid Forests in Central Africa
CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
CESP Country Environmental Strategy Papers
CFC chlorofluorocarbon
CILSS Inter-State Committee to Combat Drought in the Sahel
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CMS Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
DEAW Division of Environment Assessment and Early Warning
DRBC Drill Rehabilitation and Breeding Centre (Nigeria)
DRC Democratic Republic of Congo
EAC East African Community
EAEC East Africa Economic Community
ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States
ECOFAC Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale
ECOMOG Monitoring Group (ECOWAS)
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
ENSO El Niño Southern Oscillation
EU European Union
EWS Early warning systems
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GDP gross domestic product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEO Global Environment Outlook
GHG greenhouse gas
GIS Geographic Information Systems
GM genetically modified
GMO genetically modified organism
GNP gross national product
GOOS Global Ocean Observing System
GoU Government of Uganda
GPA Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities
HDI Human Development Index
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HYCOS Hydrological Cycle Observing Systems
IADD Inter-governmental Authority on Drought and Development
ICCON International Consortium for Cooperation on the Nile
ICZM Integrated Coastal Zone Management
IFF International Forest Forum
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development
IGAD Inter-governmental Authority on Development
IIED International Institute for Environment and Development
IMF International Monetary Fund
IOC Indian Ocean Commission,Mauritius
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPF International Panel on Forests
IT information technology
ITCZ Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone
ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization
IUCN World Conservation Union
IWRM Integrated Water Resource Management
KICK Kisumu Innovation Centre-Kenya
KWS Kenya Wildlife Service
LCBC Lake Chad Basin Commission
LIFE Living in a Finite Environment (Namibia)
LVEMP Lake Victoria Environment Management Programme
MAP Mediterranean Action Plan
MAP Millennium Africa Recover Plan
MAP Millennium Partnership for the African Recovery Programme
MARPOL Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
MBIFCT Mgahinga Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreement
MoFPED Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development
MPA Marine Protected Area
NBI Nile Basin Initiative
NBO Nile Basin Organization
NBSAP National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
NCC National Climate Committee (Mauritius)
NCS National Conservation Strategy
NEAP National Environment Action Plan
NEMA National Environment Management Authority
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa's Development
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NPCAD National Plan of Action to Combat Desertification
NPP Net Primary Productivity
NSA Nubian Sandstone Aquifer
NTFPA National Tropical Forestry Action Plans
OAU Organization of African Unity
ODA Official Development Assistance
ODS ozone-depleting substance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
PACSICOM Pan-African Conference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management
PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PERGSA Protection of the Environment of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden (Organization for)
POM polycyclic organic matter
POP persistent organic pollutant
PTA Preferential Trade Area
SADC Southern Africa Development Community
SAP Structural Adjustment Programme
SARCCUS Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilization of the Soil
SARDC Southern African Research and Documentation Centre
SIDA Swedish International Development Agency
SWIMS Shoal World Integrated Satellite Monitoring System
TLA Tree Lovers Association (Cairo, Egypt)
UN United Nations
UNGA United Nations General Assembly
UNCBD United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
UNCCD UN Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
UNCHS United Nations Commission for Human Settlements (Habitat)
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNECA UN Economic Commission for Africa
UNECE UN Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNFF United Nations Forest Forum
USAID US Agency for International Development
WB World Bank
WCED World Commission on Environment and Development
WCS World Conservation Strategy
WFP World Food Programme
WHO World Health Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WSF World Solidarity Fund
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
WTO World Trade Organization
WWF World Wildlife Fund